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Why Machine-Information Metaphors are Bad for Science and Science Education
Genes are often described by biologists using metaphors derived from computational science: they are thought of as carriers of information, as being the equivalent of “blueprints” for the
The mismeasure of machine: Synthetic biology and the trouble with engineering metaphors.
Natural-Born Arguers: Teaching How to Make the Best of Our Reasoning Abilities
We summarize the argumentative theory of reasoning, which claims that the main function of reasoning is to argue. In this theory, argumentation is seen as being essentially cooperative (people have
The Fake, the Flimsy, and the Fallacious: Demarcating Arguments in Real Life
Philosophers of science have given up on the quest for a silver bullet to put an end to all pseudoscience, as such a neat formal criterion to separate good science from its contenders has proven
How convenient! The epistemic rationale of self-validating belief systems
This paper offers an epistemological discussion of self-validating belief systems and the recurrence of “epistemic defense mechanisms” and “immunizing strategies” across widely different domains of
Dealing with creationist challenges. What European biology teachers might expect in the classroom
Creationists are becoming more active in Europe. We expect that European biology teachers will be more frequently challenged by students who introduce creationist misconceptions of evolutionary
Evolutionary Approaches to Epistemic Justification
It is suggested that the way humans supplement their evolved cognitive capacities with external tools may provide an effective way to increase the reliability of their beliefs and to counter evolved cognitive biases.
The Implications of the Cognitive Sciences for the Relation Between Religion and Science Education: The Case of Evolutionary Theory
This paper discusses the relationship between religion and science education in the light of the cognitive sciences. We challenge the popular view that science and religion are compatible, a view
How Not to Attack Intelligent Design Creationism: Philosophical Misconceptions About Methodological Naturalism
In recent controversies about Intelligent Design Creationism (IDC), the principle of methodological naturalism (MN) has played an important role. In this paper, an often neglected distinction is made
Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem
What sets the practice of rigorously tested, sound science apart from pseudoscience? In this volume, the contributors seek to answer this question, known to philosophers of science as "the