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Development and reproduction of Adalia bipunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on eggs of Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae) and pollen.
Findings indicate that A. bipunctata is able to compensate for a suboptimal diet of animal prey by supplementary feeding on flower pollen, and concludes that pollinivory may be a crucial trait for both the rearing of this natural enemy and its use in biological control programmes. Expand
Development and reproduction of Adalia bipunctata on factitious and artificial foods
The use of mixtures of plant and animal foods for A. bipunctata and other predators may contribute to increasing the cost-effectiveness of commercial mass production by reducing inputs of natural prey like aphids, or of nutritious but expensive factitious foods like lepidopteran eggs. Expand
Moisture Source and Diet affect Development and Reproduction of Orius thripoborus and Orius naivashae, two Predatory Anthocorids from Southern Africa
Developing eggs of the flour moth Ephestia kuehniella with a green bean pod as a moisture source yielded better nymphal survival and faster development, as compared with free water encapsulated in Parafilm, suggesting that the predators may extract extra nutrients from the bean pod. Expand
Developmental and Reproductive Fitness of Orius laevigatus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Reared on Factitious and Artificial Diets
A rapid dissection assay may be effective to reliably and economically assess the fitness of O. laevigatus as a function of the diet and may prove useful as part of quality assurance procedure for commercially produced predators. Expand
Influence of diet on the predation rate of Orius laevigatus on Frankliniella occidentalis
The predation rate of fifth instars and female adults of Orius laevigatus (Fieber) fed honeybee pollen, Ephestia kuehniella Zeller eggs or an egg yolk based artificial diet on second instars of theExpand
Fitness and predation potential of Macrolophus pygmaeus reared under artificial conditions
Artificial rearing systems may be useful to further rationalize the production of this economically important biological control agent and kill similar numbers of prey as their counterparts reared on lepidopteran eggs. Expand
Influence of predator density, diet and living substrate on developmental fitness of Orius laevigatus
Mass rearing of Orius laevigatus on non‐insect foods could substantially increase the cost‐effectiveness of the production of this biological control agent which is largely based on the use ofExpand
Impact of Artificial Rearing Systems on the Developmental and Reproductive Fitness of the Predatory Bug, Orius laevigatus
The results indicated that O. laevigatus can successfully complete its nymphal development and realize its full reproductive potential in the absence of plant material, and the omission of plant materials from the rearing procedures may reduce production cost of this species and other heteropteran predators. Expand
Influence of Male Age and Diet on Reproductive Potential of Orius laevigatus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae)
The effect of age and diet of males on the reproductive capacity of the anthocorid predator Orius laevigatus (Fieber) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) was investigated, finding that mating is required to complete ovarian development. Expand