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Inheritance of alcohol abuse. Cross-fostering analysis of adopted men.
The inheritance of alcoholism was studied in 862 Swedish men adopted by nonrelatives at an early age. Both the congenital and postnatal backgrounds of the adoptees modify their risk for alcohol…
Childhood personality predicts alcohol abuse in young adults.
- C. Robert Cloninger, S. Sigvardsson, M. Bohman
- Psychology, MedicineAlcoholism, clinical and experimental research
- 1 August 1988
High novelty-seeking and low harm avoidance were most strongly predictive of early-onset alcohol abuse; these two childhood variables alone distinguished boys who had nearly 20-fold differences in their risk of alcohol abuse.
Genetic heterogeneity and the classification of alcoholism.
- C. R. Cloninger, S. Sigvardsson, S. Gilligan, A. von Knorring, T. Reich, M. Bohman
- Psychology, MedicineAdvances in alcohol & substance abuse
- 1 March 1988
Empirical findings about sex differences, ages of onset, associated personality traits, and longitudinal course are described in a series of adoption and family studies in Sweden and the United States.
Type I and Type II Alcoholism: An Update
A commonly cited alcoholism typology was developed from the findings of a study of Swedish adoptees and their biological and adoptive parents, and it was demonstrated that type I and type II alcoholics also differ in characteristic personality traits as well as in certain neurophysiological markers.
A twin study of autism in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.
- S. Steffenburg, C. Gillberg, M. Bohman
- MedicineJournal of child psychology and psychiatry, and…
- 1 May 1989
The results lend support for the notion that autism sometimes has a hereditary component and that perinatal stress is involved in some cases.
Platelet MAO activity as a biological marker in subgroups of alcoholism
The two types of alcoholism were clinically clearly identifiable and separable by means of the biological marker platelet MAO activity, and seems to be of value in future studies concerning the etiology, epidemiology and treatment of alcoholism.
Predisposition to criminality: Swedish adoption studies in retrospect.
- M. Bohman
- PsychologyCiba Foundation symposium
- 28 September 2007
The predisposition to criminality was studied in 913 women and 862 men from the Stockholm Adoption Study and found that low social status alone was not sufficient to lead to petty criminality, but did increase risk in combination with specific types of genetic predisposition.
Adopted children and their families : a follow-up study of adopted children, their background, environment and adjustment
- M. Bohman
Predisposition to petty criminality in Swedish adoptees. II. Cross-fostering analysis of gene-environment interaction.
- C. Robert Cloninger, S. Sigvardsson, M. Bohman, A. von Knorring
- PsychologyArchives of general psychiatry
- 1 November 1982
The interaction of congenital and postnatal antecedents of criminality was studied in 862 Swedish men adopted at an early age by nonrelatives and found low social status alone was not sufficient to lead to criminality, but did increase risk in combination with specific types of genetic predisposition.
Maternal inheritance of alcohol abuse. Cross-fostering analysis of adopted women.
- M. Bohman, S. Sigvardsson, C. Robert Cloninger
- Medicine, PsychologyArchives of general psychiatry
- 1 September 1981
There was a threefold excess of alcohol abusers among the adopted daughters of alcoholic biological mothers compared with other daughters, confirming the heterogeneity among alcoholics noted in earlier work with adopted sons, which found that the latter type of criminal alcoholics also had no excess of alcoholic mothers.