• Publications
  • Influence
Electrical stimulation of excitable tissue: design of efficacious and safe protocols
The physical basis for electrical stimulation of excitable tissue, as used by electrophysiological researchers and clinicians in functional electrical stimulation, is presented with emphasis on theExpand
  • 1,320
  • 104
Gyri-precise head model of transcranial direct current stimulation: Improved spatial focality using a ring electrode versus conventional rectangular pad
The spatial resolution of conventional transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is considered to be relatively diffuse owing to skull dispersion. However, we show that electric fields may beExpand
  • 790
  • 52
Clinical research with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): Challenges and future directions
BACKGROUND Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a neuromodulatory technique that delivers low-intensity, direct current to cortical areas facilitating or inhibiting spontaneous neuronalExpand
  • 871
  • 39
Effects of uniform extracellular DC electric fields on excitability in rat hippocampal slices in vitro.
The effects of uniform steady state (DC) extracellular electric fields on neuronal excitability were characterized in rat hippocampal slices using field, intracellular and voltage-sensitive dyeExpand
  • 510
  • 37
Role of cortical cell type and morphology in subthreshold and suprathreshold uniform electric field stimulation in vitro
BACKGROUND The neocortex is the most common target of subdural electrotherapy and noninvasive brain stimulation modalities, including transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial currentExpand
  • 433
  • 31
Optimized multi-electrode stimulation increases focality and intensity at target.
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) provides a non-invasive tool to elicit neuromodulation by delivering current through electrodes placed on the scalp. The present clinical paradigm usesExpand
  • 334
  • 31
Comparing Cortical Plasticity Induced by Conventional and High-Definition 4 × 1 Ring tDCS: A Neurophysiological Study
BACKGROUND Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) induces long-lasting NMDA receptor-dependent cortical plasticity via persistent subthreshold polarization of neuronal membranes. ConventionalExpand
  • 328
  • 27
Safety of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Evidence Based Update 2016
This review updates and consolidates evidence on the safety of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). Safety is here operationally defined by, and limited to, the absence of evidence for aExpand
  • 311
  • 22
Cellular effects of acute direct current stimulation: somatic and synaptic terminal effects.
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique to modulate cortical excitability. Although increased/decreased excitability under the anode/cathodeExpand
  • 323
  • 22
Low-Intensity Electrical Stimulation Affects Network Dynamics by Modulating Population Rate and Spike Timing
Clinical effects of transcranial electrical stimulation with weak currents are remarkable considering the low amplitude of the electric fields acting on the brain. Elucidating the processes by whichExpand
  • 331
  • 22