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Paleontological evidence to date the tree of life.
The role of fossils in dating the tree of life has been misunderstood. Fossils can provide good "minimum" age estimates for branches in the tree, but "maximum" constraints on those ages are poorer.Expand
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The fossil record 2
Introduction. Basal Groups. Monera (bacteria blue-green algae). Fungi.Algae. Animals: Invertebrates. Protozoa. Porifera. Coelenterata. Mollusca: Amphineura and Monoplacophora. Mollusca: Gastropoda.Expand
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Diversification and extinction in the history of life.
  • M. Benton
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Science
  • 7 April 1995
Analysis of the fossil record of microbes, algae, fungi, protists, plants, and animals shows that the diversity of both marine and continental life increased exponentially since the end of theExpand
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Evolution in four dimensions: Genetic, epigenetic, behavioral, and symbolic variation in the history of life
In Evolution in four dimensions: genetic, epigenetic, behavioral, and symbolic variation in the history of life, Eva Jablonka and Marion J. Lamb make a concerted effort to expand on evolutionaryExpand
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Classification and phylogeny of the diapsid reptiles
Reptiles with two temporal openings in the skull are generally divided into two groups–the Lepidosauria (lizards, snakes, Sphenodon, ‘eosuchians’) and the Archosauria (crocodiles, thecodontians,Expand
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The timing and pattern of biotic recovery following the end-Permian mass extinction
The aftermath of the great end-Permian period mass extinction 252 Myr ago shows how life can recover from the loss of >90% species globally. The crisis was triggered by a number of physicalExpand
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The Red Queen and the Court Jester: Species Diversity and the Role of Biotic and Abiotic Factors Through Time
  • M. Benton
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Science
  • 6 February 2009
Evolution may be dominated by biotic factors, as in the Red Queen model, or abiotic factors, as in the Court Jester model, or a mixture of both. The two models appear to operate predominantly overExpand
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Calibrating and constraining molecular clocks
In dating phylogenetic trees, it is important to work to the strengths of paleontology and molecular phylogeny estimation. Minimum constraints on calibrations (i.e., oldest fossils in a crown clade)Expand
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Fossil Reptiles of Great Britain
Access to the countryside. Museum abbreviations. British Carboniferous fossil reptile sites. British Permian fossil reptile sites. British Triassic fossil reptile sites. Britsh Early Jurassic fossilExpand
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The higher-level phylogeny of Archosauria (Tetrapoda: Diapsida)
Crown group Archosauria, which includes birds, dinosaurs, crocodylomorphs, and several extinct Mesozoic groups, is a primary division of the vertebrate tree of life. However, the higher-levelExpand
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