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Insights into the neural basis of response inhibition from cognitive and clinical neuroscience
Neural mechanisms of cognitive control enable us to initiate, coordinate and update behaviour. Central to successful control is the ability to suppress actions that are no longer relevant orExpand
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The role of cingulate cortex in the detection of errors with and without awareness: a high‐density electrical mapping study
Error‐processing research has demonstrated that the brain uses a specialized neural network to detect errors during task performance but the brain regions necessary for conscious awareness of anExpand
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Response variability in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Evidence for neuropsychological heterogeneity
Response time (RT) variability is a common finding in ADHD research. RT variability may reflect frontal cortex function and may be related to deficits in sustained attention. The existence of aExpand
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The molecular genetic architecture of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioral condition which affects 2–10% of school age children worldwide. Although the underlying molecular mechanism for theExpand
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Two Types of Action Error: Electrophysiological Evidence for Separable Inhibitory and Sustained Attention Neural Mechanisms Producing Error on Go/No-go Tasks
TLDR
We use event-related potentials to provide electrophysiological evidence that action errors during a go/no-go task can result either from sustained attention failures or from failures of response inhibition. Expand
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The functional neuroanatomical correlates of response variability: evidence from a response inhibition task
Intra-individual performance variability may be an important index of the efficiency with which executive control processes are implemented, Lesion studies suggest that damage to the frontal lobes isExpand
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Executive “Brake Failure” following Deactivation of Human Frontal Lobe
TLDR
We found that temporary deactivation of the pars opercularis in the right inferior frontal gyrus selectively impairs the ability to stop an initiated action. Expand
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Sustained attention in traumatic brain injury (tbi) and healthy controls: enhanced sensitivity with dual-task load
Poor sustained attention or alertness is a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and has a considerable impact on the recovery and adjustment of TBI patients. Here, we describe theExpand
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Right parietal dysfunction in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type: a functional MRI study
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type (ADHD-CT) is associated with spatial working memory deficits. These deficits are known to be subserved by dysfunction of neural circuitsExpand
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Dissociable mechanisms of cognitive control in prefrontal and premotor cortex.
Intelligent behavior depends on the ability to suppress inappropriate actions and resolve interference between competing responses. Recent clinical and neuroimaging evidence has demonstrated theExpand
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