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Why IQ is not a covariate in cognitive studies of neurodevelopmental disorders.
IQ scores are volatile indices of global functional outcome, the final common path of an individual's genes, biology, cognition, education, and experiences. In studying neurocognitive outcomes inExpand
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When does irregular spelling or pronunciation influence word recognition
Four experiments examined how irregularities in spelling or in the correspondence between spelling and sound influence two reading tasks, naming and lexical decision. The words studied includedExpand
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Comprehension skill, inference-making ability, and their relation to knowledge
In this study we investigated the relation between young children’s comprehension skill and inferencemaking ability using a procedure that controlled individual differences in general knowledgeExpand
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Working memory and mathematics: A review of developmental, individual difference, and cognitive approaches.
Abstract Working memory refers to a mental workspace, involved in controlling, regulating, and actively maintaining relevant information to accomplish complex cognitive tasks (e.g. mathematicalExpand
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Hypothermia therapy after traumatic brain injury in children.
BACKGROUND Hypothermia therapy improves survival and the neurologic outcome in animal models of traumatic brain injury. However, the effect of hypothermia therapy on the neurologic outcome andExpand
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Classification of learning disabilities: An evidence-based evaluation.
The purpose of this paper is to review research on the classification of learning disabilities (LD). Expand
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Reading after closed head injury in childhood: Effects on accuracy, fluency, and comprehension.
Two studies of reading decoding, reading fluency, and reading comprehension after childhood head injury are reported. Study 1 tested whether age at head injury and the type of contusional brainExpand
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A model of neurocognitive function in spina bifida over the life span.
Spina bifida myelomeningocele (SBM), a neural tube defect that is the product of a complex pattern of gene-environment interactions, is associated with naturally occurring, systematic variability inExpand
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The cognitive phenotype of spina bifida meningomyelocele.
A cognitive phenotype is a product of both assets and deficits that specifies what individuals with spina bifida meningomyelocele (SBM) can and cannot do and why they can or cannot do it. In thisExpand
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Errors in Multi-Digit Arithmetic and Behavioral Inattention in Children With Math Difficulties
Errors in written multi-digit computation were investigated in children with math difficulties. Third- and fourth-grade children (n = 291) with coexisting math and reading difficulties, mathExpand
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