• Publications
  • Influence
In referees we trust
The imprimatur bestowed by peer review has a history that is both shorter and more complex than many scientists realize.
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Credibility, peer review, and Nature, 1945–1990
  • M. Baldwin
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Notes and Records: the Royal Society Journal of…
  • 20 September 2015
This paper examines the refereeing procedures at the scientific weekly Nature during and after World War II. In 1939 former editorial assistants L. J. F. Brimble and A. J. V. Gale assumed a jointExpand
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Making "Nature": The History of a Scientific Journal
Making "Nature" is the first book to chronicle the foundation and development of Nature, one of the world's most influential scientific institutions. Now nearing its hundred and fiftieth year ofExpand
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‘Where are your intelligent mothers to come from?’: marriage and family in the scientific career of Dame Kathleen Lonsdale FRS (1903–71)
  • M. Baldwin
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Notes and Records of the Royal Society
  • 20 March 2009
Although she was one of the most successful female scientists in twentieth-century Britain, the X-ray crystallographer Kathleen Yardley Lonsdale (1903–71) has received relatively little attentionExpand
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Scientific Autonomy, Public Accountability, and the Rise of “Peer Review” in the Cold War United States
This essay traces the history of refereeing at specialist scientific journals and at funding bodies and shows that it was only in the late twentieth century that peer review came to be seen as aExpand
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‘Keeping in the race’: physics, publication speed and national publishing strategies in Nature, 1895–1939
  • M. Baldwin
  • Medicine
  • The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 11 July 2013
Abstract By the onset of the Second World War, the British scientific periodical Nature – specifically, Nature's ‘Letters to the editor’ column – had become a major publication venue for scientistsExpand
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The Shifting Ground of Nature: Establishing an Organ of Scientific Communication in Britain, 1869–1900
INTRODUCTIONIn the early months of 1869, a British astronomer and government clerk named Norman Lockyer (1836-1920) began asking his friends and colleagues to write articles he could publish in a newExpand
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In the digital age, physics students and professors prefer paper textbooks
Whether electronic textbooks become more popular may depend on making them more interactive and user-friendly.
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