• Publications
  • Influence
More Power to the Pill: The Impact of Contraceptive Freedom on Women's Life Cycle Labor Supply
The release of Enovid in 1960, the first birth control pill, afforded U. S. women unprecedented freedom to plan childbearing and their careers. This paper uses plausibly exogenous variation in stateExpand
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Inequality in postsecondary education
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The War on Poverty's Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans
This paper uses the rollout of the first Community Health Centers (CHCs) to study the longer-term health effects of increasing access to primary care. Within ten years, CHCs are associated with aExpand
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"Momma's Got the Pill": How Anthony Comstock and Griswold v. Connecticut Shaped US Childbearing.
  • M. Bailey
  • Economics, Medicine
  • The American economic review
  • 1 March 2010
The 1960s ushered in a new era in US demographic history characterized by significantly lower fertility rates and smaller family sizes. What catalyzed these changes remains a matter of considerableExpand
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Did Improvements in Household Technology Cause the Baby Boom? Evidence from Electrification, Appliance Diffusion, and the Amish
More than a half century after its peak, the baby boom's causes remain a puzzle. A new argument posits that rapid advancements in household technology from 1940 to 1960 account for this largeExpand
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Reexamining the Impact of Family Planning Programs on U.S. Fertility: Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X
  • M. Bailey
  • Economics, Medicine
  • American economic journal. Applied economics
  • 1 August 2011
Almost 50 years after domestic US family planning programs began, their effects on childbearing remain controversial. Using the county-level roll-out of these programs from 1964 to 1973, this paperExpand
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Is the Social Safety Net a Long-Term Investment? Large-Scale Evidence from the Food Stamps Program
We use novel, large-scale data on 43 million Americans from the 2000 Census and the 2001 to 2013 American Communities Survey linked to the Social Security Administration’s NUMIDENT to study how aExpand
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Fifty Years of Family Planning: New Evidence on the Long-Run Effects of Increasing Access to Contraception
  • M. Bailey
  • Medicine
  • Brookings papers on economic activity
  • 1 October 2013
This paper assembles new evidence on some of the longer-term benefits of U.S. family planning policies, defined in this paper as those increasing legal or financial access to modern contraceptives.Expand
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Is There a Case for a "Second Demographic Transition"? Three Distinctive Features of the Post-1960 U.S. Fertility Decline
Dramatic fertility swings over the last 100 years have been the subject of large literatures in demography and economics. Recent research has claimed that the post-1960 fertility decline isExpand
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How Johnson Fought the War on Poverty: The Economics and Politics of Funding at the Office of Economic Opportunity
This article presents a quantitative analysis of the geographic distribution of spending through the 1964 Economic Opportunity Act (EOA). Using newly assembled state- and county-level data, theExpand
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