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Anabolic-androgenic steroid use in the United States.
OBJECTIVE To estimate the size of the anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) user population in the United States, to examine characteristics of AAS users, and to explore the association between AAS use… Expand
Abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids and related substances in sport and exercise.
Anabolic androgenic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone, which is the primary male sex hormone. Anabolic androgenic steroids are used to enhance athletic performance and appearance.… Expand
Anxiety reduction following exercise and meditation
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the influence of acute physical activity and meditation (“noncultic”)on state anxiety. Seventy-five adult male volunteers served as Ss with 25 Ss… Expand
Risk Factors Associated With Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use Among Adolescents
AbstractTo identify risk factors associated with anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use among adolescents, computerised and manual literature searches were performed and the resultant local, state,… Expand
Trends in anabolic-androgenic steroid use among adolescents.
- C. Yesalis, C. K. Barsukiewicz, A. Kopstein, M. Bahrke
- Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine
- 1 December 1997
OBJECTIVE To examine the trends in anabolic steroid use among adolescents in the United States between 1988 and 1996. DESIGN Computerized and manual literature searches were performed, and the… Expand
Soldier performance and mood states following a strenuous road march.
- J. Knapik, J. Staab, M. Bahrke, K. Reynolds, J. Vogel, J. O'Connor
- Military medicine
- 1 April 1991
Eighty-nine soldiers performed a maximal effort 20-km road march, carrying a total load of 46 kg. Compared to pre-march values, post-march marksmanship accuracy decreased 26% for number of target… Expand
SummaryThe use of drugs to enhance physical performance has been observed for thousands of years. Today, individuals continue to use a variety of substances, including anabolic-androgenic steroids,… Expand
Psychological moods and subjectively perceived behavioral and somatic changes accompanying anabolic-androgenic steroid use
- M. Bahrke, J. E. Wright, R. Strauss, D. Catlin
- The American journal of sports medicine
- 1 November 1992
To assess physiological and psychological states ac companying anabolic-androgenic steroid use, male weight lifters 1) were interviewed regarding their phys ical training and the patterns and effects… Expand
Doping among adolescent athletes.
The use of drugs to enhance physical performance and appearance has been observed for thousands of years. Today individuals, including adolescents, continue to employ a wide variety of drugs in the… Expand
Evaluation of the Ergogenic Properties of Ginseng
Ginseng has been used in the Orient for several thousand years as an ‘adaptogenic’ as well as a ‘restorative’ agent. It has been used to treat nervous disorders, anaemia, wakefulness, dyspnoea,… Expand