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Anabolic-androgenic steroid use in the United States.
OBJECTIVE To estimate the size of the anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) user population in the United States, to examine characteristics of AAS users, and to explore the association between AAS use…
Abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids and related substances in sport and exercise.
Risk Factors Associated With Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use Among Adolescents
A better understanding of the process involved in initiating AAS use is needed, including vulnerability factors, age of initiation and the use of other illicit drugs.
Anxiety reduction following exercise and meditation
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the influence of acute physical activity and meditation (“noncultic”)on state anxiety. Seventy-five adult male volunteers served as Ss with 25 Ss…
Trends in anabolic-androgenic steroid use among adolescents.
- C. Yesalis, C. K. Barsukiewicz, A. Kopstein, M. Bahrke
- MedicineArchives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine
- 1 December 1997
The results suggest that prevention, intervention, and regulatory efforts to reduce steroid use at the local, state, and national levels should be reassessed, especially those efforts that focus on adolescent female steroid use.
Doping among adolescent athletes.
In order to alter the current use of performance-enhancing drugs by adolescents, the authors as a society must come to grips with their addiction to sport and the importance they place on winning and appearance and change their values.
Soldier performance and mood states following a strenuous road march.
- J. Knapik, J. Staab, M. Bahrke, K. Reynolds, J. Vogel, J. O'Connor
- MedicineMilitary medicine
- 1 April 1991
The Profile of Mood States questionnaire revealed an 82% increase in self-reported fatigue and 38% decrease in vigor when soldiers march rapidly with heavy loads over long distances.
Psychological and Behavioural Effects of Endogenous Testosterone Levels and Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids Among Males
SummaryThe psychological and behavioural effects of endogenous testosterone levels and anabolic-androgenic steroids in males have been investigated for over 50 years in both clinical and nonmedical…
Psychological moods and subjectively perceived behavioral and somatic changes accompanying anabolic-androgenic steroid use
- M. Bahrke, J. Wright, R. Strauss, D. Catlin
- Psychology, MedicineThe American journal of sports medicine
- 1 November 1992
The data suggest that while perceived or actual psychological changes may occur in anabolic-androgenic steroid users, either the effects are too subtle or the inventories used were insensitive for detecting them.
Relationship of Soldier Load Carriage to Physiological Factors, Military Experience and Mood States
Abstract : This study examined the relationship between performance of a heavy load carriage task and various physiological measurements, military experience and mood states. Eighty-four soldiers…