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Mating behavior and chemical communication in the order Hymenoptera.
Insects of the order Hymenoptera are biologically and economically important members of natural and agro ecosystems and exhibit diverse biologies, mating systems, and sex pheromones. We review whatExpand
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Orchid pollination by sexual swindle
The flowers of Ophrys orchids mimic receptive females of usually only one pollinator species. Males of this species are attracted primarily by the odour of a flower and transfer the pollinia duringExpand
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Abstract The orchid Ophrys sphegodes Miller is pollinated by sexually excited males of the solitary bee Andrena nigroaenea, which are lured to the flowers by visual cues and volatile semiochemicals.Expand
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Sex pheromone mimicry in the early spider orchid (Ophrys sphegodes): patterns of hydrocarbons as the key mechanism for pollination by sexual deception
Abstract We investigated the female-produced sex pheromone of the solitary bee Andrena nigroaenea and compared it with floral scent of the sexually deceptive orchid Ophrys sphegodes which isExpand
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Pollinator attraction in a sexually deceptive orchid by means of unconventional chemicals
Ophrys flowers mimic virgin females of their pollinators, and thereby attract males for pollination. Stimulated by scent, the males attempt to copulate with flower labella and thereby ensureExpand
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Chemical ecology and pollinator-driven speciation in sexually deceptive orchids.
Sexually deceptive orchids mimic females of their pollinator species to attract male insects for pollination. Pollination by sexual deception has independently evolved in European, Australian, SouthExpand
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Chemical ecology of bumble bees.
Bumble bees are of major importance, ecologically and economically as pollinators in cool and temperate biomes and as model organisms for scientific research. Chemical signals and cues have beenExpand
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Orchid Mimics Honey Bee Alarm Pheromone in Order to Attract Hornets for Pollination
Approximately one-third of the world's estimated 30,000 orchid species are deceptive and do not reward their pollinators with nectar or pollen. Most of these deceptive orchids imitate the scent ofExpand
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Scent variation and hybridization cause the displacement of a sexually deceptive orchid species.
In the sexually deceptive orchid genus Ophrys, reproductive isolation is based on the specific attraction of males of a single pollinator species, mostly bees, by mimicking the female sex pheromoneExpand
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Perfume-collecting male euglossine bees as pollinators of a basal angiosperm: the case of Unonopsis stipitata (Annonaceae).
Pollination of Unonopsis stipitata (Annonaceae) by males of two perfume-collecting bees, Euglossa imperialis and Eulaema bombiformis (Euglossini) is described. This is the first detailed account ofExpand
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