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Remembering can cause forgetting: retrieval dynamics in long-term memory.
A critical role for suppression in models of retrieval inhibition and a retrieval-induced forgetting that implicate the retrieval process itself in everyday forgetting are suggested.
On the status of inhibitory mechanisms in cognition: memory retrieval as a model case.
It is argued that inhibitory processes are used to resolve computational problems of selection common to memory retrieval and selective attention and that retrieval is best regarded as conceptually focused selective attention.
Similarity and inhibition in long-term memory: evidence for a two-factor theory.
Two experiments examined how retrieval-induced forgetting varies with the similarity of the competitor and the target item and with the similarities between the competitors themselves, finding that encoding target-competitor similarities not only eliminated retrieval- induced forgetting but also reversed it.
Forgetting our facts: the role of inhibitory processes in the loss of propositional knowledge.
Seven experiments are reported that show that retrieving facts from long-term memory is accomplished, in part, by inhibitory processes that suppress interfering facts, suggesting a critical role for suppression in models of propositional retrieval.
Schedule interactions involving punishment with pigeons and humans.
Four conclusions regarding the interactions between punished and unpunished responding emerged from the present results: both contrast and induction occurred with the reinforcement rate held constant and a blackout between components, induction was more common than contrast, and contrast diminished with prolonged exposure to punishment.
Behavioral adaptation to fixed-interval and fixed-time food delivery in golden hamsters.
Food-deprived golden hamsters in a large enclosure received food every 30 sec contingent on lever pressing, or free while their behavior was continuously recorded in terms of an exhaustive
Evidence of direction loss in elderly movement preparation is not due to spatial orienting effects.
Elderly and young subjects restructured a movement plan for direction more quickly than for arm or both parameters at PIs of 1000 and 2000 ms, and spatial orienting shifts did not account for these effects.