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The fine roots of trees are concentrated on lateral branches that arise from perennial roots. They are important in the acquisition of water and essential nutrients, and at the ecosystem level, theyExpand
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Coupling fine root dynamics with ecosystem carbon cycling in black spruce forests of interior Alaska
Fine root processes play a prominent role in the carbon and nutrient cycling of boreal ecosystems due to the high proportion of biomass allocated belowground and the rapid decomposition of fine rootsExpand
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Mycorrhizal functioning: an integrative plant-fungal process.
Contributors Preface Introduction Part I: Development and structure: Fungal reactions to plants prior to mycorrhizal formation-- R. E. Koske and J. N. Gemma The influence of the plant root onExpand
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Environmental impacts of utility-scale solar energy
Renewable energy is a promising alternative to fossil fuel-based energy, but its development can require a complex set of environmental tradeoffs. A recent increase in solar energy systems,Expand
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The prevalence of pathogens in honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies infested with the parasitic mite Varroa jacobsoni
SUMMARY The prevalence of nine honey bee viruses in samples of dead adult bees from Apis mellifera colonies in the Netherlands and Germany infested with the parasitic mite Varroa jacobsoni wasExpand
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Environmental controls and the influence of vegetation type, fine roots and rhizomorphs on diel and seasonal variation in soil respiration.
Characterization of spatial and temporal variation of soil respiration coupled with fine root and rhizomorph dynamics is necessary to understand the mechanisms that regulate soil respiration. A denseExpand
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Direct nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: a model and field test
Author(s): Treseder, KK; Allen, MF | Abstract: Since mycorrhizal fungi constitute an important component of the soil–plant interface, their responses to changes in nutrient availability may mediateExpand
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Ecology of mycorrhizae: a conceptual framework for complex interactions among plants and fungi.
Mycorrhizae regulate elemental and energy flows in terrestrial ecosystems. We understand much of how mycorrhizae work, but integrating all possible mechanisms into a whole has proven elusive.Expand
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Wide geographical and ecological distribution of nitrogen and carbon gains from fungi in pyroloids and monotropoids (Ericaceae) and in orchids.
* Stable isotope abundance analyses recently revealed that some European green orchids and pyroloids (Ericaceae) are partially myco-heterotrophic, exploiting mycorrhizal fungi for organic carbon andExpand
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Water source partitioning among trees growing on shallow karst soils in a seasonally dry tropical climate
The sources of water used by woody vegetation growing on karst soils in seasonally dry tropical regions are little known. In northern Yucatan (Mexico), trees withstand 4–6 months of annual drought inExpand
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