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DNA systematics and evolution of the artiodactyl family Bovidae.
TLDR
These sequence comparisons suggest that most bovid tribes originated early in the Miocene with all extant lineages present by approximately 16-17 million years ago, and provide an example of rapid cladogenesis, following the origin of families in the infraorder Pecora.
Resolution of the African hominoid trichotomy by use of a mitochondrial gene sequence.
TLDR
Comparisons of cytochrome oxidase subunit II gene sequences provide clear-cut evidence from the mitochondrial genome for the separation of the African ape trichotomy into two evolutionary lineages, one leading to gorillas and the other to humans and chimpanzees.
Confirming the Phylogeny of Mammals by Use of Large Comparative Sequence Data Sets
TLDR
The results provide support for rooting the placental mammal tree between Atlantogenata and Afrotheria and Boreoeutheria, illustrate the difficulty in resolving some branches even with large amounts of data, and demonstrate the valuable role that very large comparative sequence data sets can play in refining the understanding of the evolutionary relationships of vertebrates.
Baseline survey of the anatomical microbial ecology of an important food plant: Solanum lycopersicum (tomato)
TLDR
Distinct groupings of microbial communities were associated with different tomato plant organs and a gradient of compositional similarity could be correlated to the distance of a given plant part from the soil.
Implementation of Nationwide Real-time Whole-genome Sequencing to Enhance Listeriosis Outbreak Detection and Investigation.
TLDR
Whole-genome multilocus sequence typing and single nucleotide polymorphism analyses provided equivalent phylogenetic relationships relevant to investigations; results were most useful when interpreted in context of epidemiological data.
Mitochondrial DNA Variability of the Gray Wolf: Genetic Consequences of Population Decline and Habitat Fragmentation
TLDR
It is suggested that the difference between these two species reflects the rapid, recent increase in coyote numbers and expansion of their geographic range, and the coincident decline in gray wolf populations.
Support for Natal Homing in Green Turtles from Mitochondrial DNA Sequences
TLDR
The result supports the hypothesis of natal homing in green turtles and the presence or absence of Florida haplotypes among other western Atlantic populations will provide a critical test of these alternate hypotheses.
Forensics and mitochondrial DNA: applications, debates, and foundations.
TLDR
To evaluate results obtained by sequencing the two hypervariable regions of the control region of the human mtDNA genome, one must consider the genetically related issues of nomenclature, reference population databases, heteroplasmy, paternal leakage, recombination, and, of course, interpretation of results.
On the Evolutionary History, Population Genetics and Diversity among Isolates of Salmonella Enteritidis PFGE Pattern JEGX01.0004
TLDR
Genes associated with virulence pathways that may be useful markers for the development of rapid surveillance and typing methods are identified, potentially aiding in traceback efforts during future outbreaks involving S. Enteritidis PFGE pattern JEGX01.
Phylogenetic Diversity of the Enteric Pathogen Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica Inferred from Genome-Wide Reference-Free SNP Characters
TLDR
This study shows the ability to extract reference-free SNPs from a large set of genomes and then to use these SNPs for phylogenetic reconstruction, an important step forward for bacterial disease tracking and in efficiently elucidating the evolutionary history of highly clonal organisms.
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