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Loss of the tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) has frequently been observed in human gliomas, conferring AKT activation and resistance to ionizing radiation (IR) and drug treatments. Recent reports have shown that PTEN loss or AKT activation induces premature senescence, but many details regarding this effect remain obscure. In this… (More)
The hypothesis of cancer stem cells has been proposed to explain the therapeutic failure in a variety of cancers including lung cancers. Previously, we demonstrated acquisition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, a feature highly reminiscent of cancer stem-like cells, in gefitinib-resistant A549 cells (A549/GR). Here, we show that A549/GR cells contain a… (More)
Uncovering the mechanisms that govern the maintenance of stem-like cancer cells is critical for developing therapeutic strategies for targeting these cells. Constitutive activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) has been reported in gliomas and correlates with histological grade. Here, we found that JNK signaling is crucial for the maintenance of… (More)
Mathematical modelling and sensitivity analysis of the signal transduction pathway underlying chemotaxis in Escherichia coli suggests a mechanism for high sensitivity over a dynamic range of five orders of magnitude. The analysis reveals that the enhancement in sensing ability occurs in the signal receiving module that is comprised of ligand binding, change… (More)
A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA) using a baculovirus-expressed recombinant nucleocapsid protein antigen (rNDV-N) and an rNDV-N-specific monoclonal antibody (5B3) was developed for the detection of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) antibodies, and its diagnostic performance was evaluated. The specificity and sensitivity of the C-ELISA… (More)
Synthetic porphin compounds have been found to be reversible inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase from electric eel with Ki values of microM range. It seems that the number and position of fluorine on the phenyl ring and metal of an inhibitor play an important role for binding of an inhibitor to the enzyme active site.