Thyroid hormones play an important role in brain development, but the mechanism(s) by which triiodothyronine (T3) mediates neuronal differentiation is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that T3 regulates the neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), in developing rat cerebellar granule cells both in cell culture and in vivo. In situ hybridization… (More)
The neurotrophins exhibit neurotrophic effects on specific, partially overlapping populations of neurons both in the peripheral and the central nervous system (CNS). In the periphery, they are synthesized by a variety of nonneuronal cells, and their synthesis seems to be independent of the neuronal input. In contrast, in the CNS all neurotrophins are… (More)
Overexpression of the proto-oncogene bcl-2 blocks programmed cell death in sympathetic and sensory neurons that normally die after the withdrawal of neurotrophic factors. The role of endogenous bcl-2 in the development and function of the peripheral and central nervous system is, however, not known. We have found that low levels of bcl-2 messenger RNA are… (More)
To investigate the role of neuron-target interactions in regulating the survival of developing septo-hippocampal cholinergic neurons, hippocampal neurons were excitotoxically ablated in early postnatal rats. Four weeks after hippocampal ablation, hippocampal levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and nerve growth factor (NGF) mRNA had fallen to 15% of… (More)
Kainic acid (KA) is a powerful convulsant and neurotoxic agent. In the present paper the acute and long term effects of intrahippocampal KA administration on estrous cycle and on serum concentrations of progesterone were studied in adult female rats. Following KA injection, 3 distinct periods were observed: 1) acute period (24-48 h), 2) silent period (21-30… (More)
Spontaneous recurrent seizures (SRSs) were observed in female rats following the injection of kainic acid into the dorsal hippocampus. Pregnancy and nursing decreased the frequency of SRSs in such animals. The finding of a protective effect of pregnancy and lactation in this animal model of temporal lobe epilepsy stresses the usefulness of this model.
The effects of amygdaloid kindled seizures during pregnancy on the concentrations of noradrenaline (NE), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5HT) and of their respective metabolites, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), normetanephrine (NMN), homovanillic acid (HVA) and 5-hydroxy-indoleacetic acid (5HIAA), have been studied in the cerebral cortex, brain stem… (More)