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The simplification of the measurement of circulating cortisol by direct radioimmunoassay of plasma samples sets the problem of inhibiting the carrier proteins competing with antibodies. This was accomplished by exploiting the much higher effectiveness of pH and temperature variations on steroid binding to carrier proteins than to antibody sites. A(More)
A radioimmunological method for circulating trypsin-like substances was set up, using cathodic trypsin (isolated from human pancreas) as immunogen, reference standard and material to label, and bovine serum to stabilize the system. The assay scheme included a bound-free separation by polyethylene-glycol precipitation after a 1-h incubation at room(More)
The simultaneous presence of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions at different binding sites of a multiepitope antigen makes the description of the kinetic parameters of the so called "one step" solid phase immunometric assays complex. The authors extended the "one step" approach to the concept of the "soluble sandwich" methodology which differs from the(More)
Two kinds of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were evaluated in their ability to detect specific antibodies against Bovine Rhinotracheitis Virus (IBR-IPV). The tests were called MACROELISA and MICROELISA, according to the kind of the solid support used for antigen insolubilization, polystyrene beads and microtitration plates respectively. Partially(More)
A capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of virus-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody was developed which used a panel of labeled monoclonal antibodies to rubella virus hemagglutinin. The rapidity of the test system was increased by using, after 1-h incubation of the test serum, a second 1-h incubation of the serum with a(More)
Two different methods were used to prepare solid-phase antigen (Ag) from soluble extracts of tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii: (A) physical adsorption on polystyrene beads; and (B) formaldehyde fixation of Ag previously dried in microtitration wells. In both cases a horseradish peroxidase conjugate with anti-IgM IgG was used as tracer. The assay scheme(More)
In an ELISA for antitoxoplasma IgG (antigen-coated polystyrene beads, horseradish peroxidase-coupled IgG or staphylococcal protein A), 3 modes of expressing the analytical results were considered, i.e. end-point antibody titre, untransformed absorbance reading at a single sample dilution, and antibody-activity unit from a calibration response curve(More)
A new capture ELISA (ELAb) for determination of the IgM antibody response to the human cytomegalovirus major DNA binding protein (p52) was developed by using a p52-specific monoclonal antibody. As a reference test, a capture ELISA using in parallel viral- and cell-control labeled antigens (ELA) was employed. General specificity, which was determined on 180(More)
Antisera to H4-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were elicited in rabbits, against both human (h) and porcine (p) isoenzymes. 125I-labelled H4-LDH was prepared by electrolytic iodination. A simple and fast procedure (1-h incubation for clinical assays) was set up by using polyethylene glycol for the bound-free separation. The results obtained in the antiserum(More)
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