M. Zaman Malik

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Optical propagation characterization has been studied using the Radiative Transfer Equation (RTE) and RTE has been established as an accurate method for calculating optical attenuation of light propagating through inhomogeneous media. The RTE accounts for both the absorption and multiple scattering effects of light propagating through the atmosphere. The(More)
For meeting sugar demand and planning for import, export and distribution, it needs prior estimates of its production. During past years, frequent import and occasional export from India has been witnessed. Sugar production depends more on sugarcane production, our forecasts have not met the actual targets achieved. The prediction model developed for(More)
High data rate requirement has necessitated the use of optical wireless links from satellite-to-ground that invariably pass through the inhomogeneous cloud layers. It has thus become necessary to accurately model the scattering channel and estimate attenuation suffered by the information bearing optical signal traversing the multiple scattering(More)
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