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Curcumin has been shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, and anticarcinogenic activities. However, the effect of curcumin on the maturation and immunostimulatory function of dendritic cells (DC) largely remains unknown. In this study, we examined whether curcumin can influence surface molecule expression, cytokine production, and their(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is enriched in ascites of ovarian cancer patients and is involved in growth and invasion of ovarian cancer cells. Accumulating evidence suggests cancer-associated myofibroblasts play a pivotal role in tumorigenesis through secreting stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1). In the present study, we demonstrate that LPA induces(More)
The C57BL/6, 129, and B6,129 mouse strains or stocks have been commonly used to generate targeted mutant mice. The pathology of these mice is not well characterized. In studies of these aging mice, we found high incidences of hyalinosis (eosinophilic cytoplasmic change) in the glandular stomach, respiratory tract, bile duct, and gall bladder of B6,129(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the important role that family caregivers play in providing emotional and practical support to cancer patients, relatively little is known about the family caregiver's role in treatment decision-making (TDM). We sought to investigate patients' and family caregivers' preferences for and experiences of family involvement in TDM and factors(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) stimulates growth and invasion of ovarian cancer cells and tumor angiogenesis. Cancer-derived LPA induces differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASCs) to α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA)-positive cancer-associated fibroblasts. Presently, we explored whether cancer-derived LPA regulates secretion of(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lipid crucial for the initiation and progression of ovarian cancer. Identification of LPA-induced biomarkers is necessary for predicting prognosis of ovarian cancer patients. Here we report periostin, an extracellular matrix protein, as an LPA-induced protein in stromal cells and as a prognostic marker in patients(More)
Apigenin, one of the most common flavonoids, has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic, and free radical-scavenging properties. However, the influence of apigenin on the immunostimulatory effects and maturation of dendritic cells (DC) remains, for the most part, unknown. In this study, we have attempted to ascertain whether apigenin(More)
d-pinitol has been demonstrated to exert insulin-like and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the effects of the maturation and immunostimulatory functions of dendritic cells (DC) remain to be clearly elucidated. In this study, we have attempted to determine whether d-pinitol regulates surface molecule expression, cytokine production, endocytosis capacity,(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that regulates the expression of a number of genes critical for fatty acid beta-oxidation. Because a number of substrates and intermediates of this metabolic pathway serve as ligand activators of this receptor, homeostatic control of fatty acid(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells stimulate tumor growth in vivo through a lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-dependent mechanism. However, the molecular mechanism by which mesenchymal stem cells stimulate tumorigenesis is largely elusive. In the present study, we demonstrate that conditioned medium from A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549 CM) induces expression of(More)