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The tomato disease resistance (R) gene Pto specifies race-specific resistance to the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato carrying the avrPto gene. Pto encodes a serine/threonine protein kinase that is postulated to be activated by a physical interaction with the AvrPto protein. Here, we report that overexpression of Pto in tomato activates(More)
A dose-response experiment with 6 dietary energy levels (2,600, 2,700, 2,800, 2,900, 3,000, 3,100 kcal of AME /kg) was conducted to study the effects of dietary energy on growth performance and carcass quality of White Pekin ducks from 2 to 6 wk of age. Six hundred 14-d-old White Pekin ducks were randomly divided to 6 dietary treatments, each containing 5(More)
Trichloroethylene (TCE), dichloroacetic acid (DCA), and trichloroacetic acid (TCA) are environmental contaminants that are carcinogenic in mouse liver. 5-Methylcytosine (5-MeC) in DNA is a mechanism that controls the transcription of mRNA, including the protooncogenes, c-jun and c-myc. We have previously reported that TCE decreased methylation of the c-jun(More)
Four male pigs (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire; average initial (mean ± SEM) BW = 22.5 ± 1.1 kg), fitted with permanent catheters in the portal vein, ileal vein and carotid artery, were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square experimental design to measure the effect of dietary starch sources on the net portal appearance of glucose and amino acids. Dietary starch(More)
Human differentially expressed in chondrocytes (DEC), mouse stimulated with retinoic acid and rat split and hairy related proteins constitute a structurally distinct class of the basic helix-loop-helix proteins. DEC1 is abundantly expressed in tumors and protects against apoptosis induced by serum starvation. In this study, we report that DEC1 antiapoptosis(More)
A precise measurement of the proton flux in primary cosmic rays with rigidity (momentum/charge) from 1 GV to 1.8 TV is presented based on 300 million events. Knowledge of the rigidity dependence of the proton flux is important in understanding the origin, acceleration, and propagation of cosmic rays. We present the detailed variation with rigidity of the(More)
Cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC) is a member of the chemokine alpha sub-family. It is induced in rats by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1, and lipopolysaccharide and is implicated in neutrophil infiltration in response to inflammatory stimuli. We tested the hypothesis that pretreatment with anti-CINC antibody or by(More)
Autophagy, a tightly regulated lysosome-dependent catabolic pathway, is important in the regulation of cancer development and progression and in determining the response of tumor cells to anticancer therapy. However, the role of autophagy in leukemia still remains largely unknown. Here we show that high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), the best characterized(More)
Antibodies against heat shock or stress proteins (Hsps) have been reported in a number of diseases in which they may be involved in the pathogenesis of the disease or may be of use for prognosis. Heat-induced diseases, such as heat cramps, heat exhaustion, or heat stroke, are frequent in hot working or living environments. There are still few investigations(More)
A method is presented for the analysis of shellfish tissue for domoic acid, a neurotoxic amino acid responsible for cases of amnesic shellfish poisoning. Tissue extracts are first taken through a two-stage solid-phase extraction clean-up, using reversed-phase and strong cation exchange cartridges. A two-stage derivatization, using(More)