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Striatal glutamate release during novelty exposure-induced hyperactivity was studied by microdialysis in freely-moving olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) rats. After collecting three 10 min basal striatal dialysate samples, the animals were transferred to an open-field apparatus (novelty) and locomotor activity recorded for 60 min. OBX rats showed significantly(More)
As age advances, the performance of animal behavior declines gradually. The purpose of this study was to investigate the onset of age-related changes in open-field behavior of rats from a wide age spectrum. Male Long-Evans rats, ranging from 2 to 22 months, were placed in an open-field apparatus during the dark phase for a cumulative period of 28 min. Data(More)
In vivo microdialysis experiments were performed on the nucleus accumbens (NAc) during observation of sexual behavior (including motivation and copulation) to determine if there were any changes in NAc dopamine (DA) transmission in prenatally stressed (PS) adult male rats. Approximate 37% of control males and 83% of PS males did not exhibit copulation(More)
The effects of age on dopamine (DA) release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and on amphetamine (AMPH)-induced locomotor activity were studied by microdialysis in freely-moving young (5 month) and old (24 month) rats. Both basal extracellular DA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) release and that following intra-accumbens perfusion of AMPH (1-10(More)
Effect of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) on gait was studied in young (4 weeks) and old (21 months) male rats. No significant alteration in stride length (SL) or stride width (SW) was observed 30 min after single dose MPTP treatment (3 mg/kg, i.p.) in both young and old rats. Multidose treatment with MPTP (3 mg/kg, i.p. daily for 8(More)
The morphological changes of neurons in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), ventromedial nucleus (VMN), preoptic area (POA), supraoptic nucleus (SON) and arcuate nucleus (ARN) were studied in 16-18 month-old Long-Evans female rats which had been exposed to continuous illumination (LL) for 11 months. Most neurons in those(More)
LHRH administration is reported to facilitate male sexual behavior. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether male sexual behavior is associated with the number of LHRH neurons in the forebrain in middle-aged rats. Male Long-Evans rats (18-19 months) were assigned to three groups on the basis of sexual performance: (1) group MEI consisted of(More)
Treatment of neonatal female rats with androgen results not only in decreased female sexual behavior but also in enhanced male sexual behavior examined in adulthood. The effects of grafting fetal preoptic area (POA) neurons into the POA, and fetal hypothalamic (HPT) neurons into the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH), were tested in neonatally(More)
Effects of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) on dopamine levels in the striatum (ST), substantia nigra (SN), olfactory tubercle (OT), ventral tegmental area (VTA) and nucleus accumbens (NA) were studied in young (1 month) and old (21 months) male Long-Evans rats. Following repeated treatment with MPTP at low dose (3 mg/kg i.p. daily for 8(More)
The release of luteinizing hormone (LH) in young (3-4 months) and aged (24-25 months) ovariectomized female Sprague-Dawley rats, s.c. implanted with a 17 beta-estradiol benzoate silastic capsule, was studied in the presence and absence of stimulation by exposure to male rat urine. After taking an initial blood sample at 12:00 (reference sample), either(More)