M Y S Kalani

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Over the past half century molecular biology has led to great advances in our understanding of angio- and vasculogenesis and in the treatment of malformations resulting from these processes gone awry. Given their sporadic and familial distribution, their developmental and pathological link to capillary telangiectasias, and their observed chromosomal(More)
In this work we have uncovered a role for Wnt signaling as an important regulator of stem cell self-renewal in the developing brain. We identified Wnt-responsive cells in the subventricular zone of the developing E14.5 mouse brain. Responding cell populations were enriched for self-renewing stem cells in primary culture, suggesting that Wnt signaling is a(More)
OBJECT Surgical indications for patients with pineal cysts are controversial. While the majority of patients harboring a pineal cyst require no treatment, surgery is a well-accepted option for a subset of those patients with secondary hydrocephalus or Parinaud's syndrome. The majority of pineal cysts are identified incidentally during workup for other(More)
OBJECTIVE Bioluminescence imaging (BLI) is emerging as a cost-effective, high-throughput, noninvasive, and sensitive imaging modality to monitor cell growth and trafficking. We describe the use of dynamic BLI as a noninvasive method of assessing vessel permeability during brain tumor growth. METHODS With the use of stereotactic technique, 10 firefly(More)
OBJECT Negative-pressure and low-pressure hydrocephalus are rare clinical entities that are frequently misdiagnosed. They are characterized by recurrent episodes of shunt failure because the intracranial pressure is lower than the opening pressure of the valve. In this report the authors discuss iatrogenic CSF leaks as a cause of low- or negative-pressure(More)
We report the 3D structure of human beta2 adrenergic receptor (AR) predicted by using the MembStruk first principles method. To validate this structure, we use the HierDock first principles method to predict the ligand-binding sites for epinephrine and norepinephrine and for eight other ligands, including agonists and antagonists to beta 2 AR and ligands(More)
BACKGROUND Given the genetic and proteomic advances of the past decade, understanding of the molecular etiopathogenesis of several complex diseases is increasing. Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) is no different from other complex diseases where both environmental and genetic constituents are considered causes. This concept has challenged the traditional(More)
OBJECT The threat of symptomatic hemorrhage from cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) during pregnancy remains poorly understood. The authors undertook this study to better define the risk of pregnancy-related hemorrhage in this population. METHODS The records of female patients with sporadic (isolated lesions and negative family history) and familial(More)
OBJECT Resection and whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) have classically been the standard treatment for a single metastasis to the brain. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) as an alternative to WBRT in patients who had undergone resection and to evaluate patient survival and local tumor control. METHODS The(More)
Dopamine neurotransmitter and its receptors play a critical role in the cell signaling process responsible for information transfer in neurons functioning in the nervous system. Development of improved therapeutics for such disorders as Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia would be significantly enhanced with the availability of the 3D structure for the(More)