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To identify genes that are differentially expressed in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), we have developed a cDNA microarray representing 34 176 clones to analyse gene expression profiles in ESCC. A total of 77 genes (including 31 novel genes) were downregulated, and 15 genes (including one novel gene) were upregulated in cancer tissues(More)
OBJECTIVE proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) negatively regulates the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLR) in hepatocytes and therefore plays an important role in controlling circulating levels of LDL-cholesterol. To date, the relationship between PCSK9 and metabolism of apolipoprotein B (apoB), the structural protein of LDL, has(More)
Ensemble empirical-mode decomposition (EEMD) is a novel adaptive time-frequency analysis method, which is particularly suitable for extracting useful information from noisy nonlinear or nonstationary data. Unfortunately, since the EEMD is highly compute-intensive, the method does not apply in real-time applications on top of commercial-off-the-shelf(More)
The free energy of a single-stranded RNA can be calculated by adding the free energies of the components: basepairs, bulges, and loops. Basepairs receive negative free energy while the unpaired bases receive positive free energy. The minimum free energy of a random RNA secondary structure with one domain has value Fn where the sequence length is n. Under(More)
We evaluated anti-tumor activity and toxic effect of an adenoviral vector expressing the GFP/TRAIL fusion gene from the hTERT promoter (designated Ad/gTRAIL) on human breast cancer cell lines and on normal human breast cells. Treatment with Ad/gTRAIL elicited high levels of transgene expression and apoptosis in a variety of breast cancer cell lines.(More)
Mutations and/or overexpression of various transporters are known to confer drug resistance in a variety of organisms. In the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, a homologue of P-glycoprotein, PfMDR1, has been implicated in responses to chloroquine (CQ), quinine (QN) and other drugs, and a putative transporter, PfCRT, was recently demonstrated to be the(More)
Results from Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have shown that the genetic basis of complex traits often include many genetic variants with small to moderate effects whose identification remains a challenging problem. In this context multi-marker analysis at the gene and pathway level can complement traditional point-wise approaches that treat the(More)
Classifying multivariate electromyography (EMG) data is an important problem in prosthesis control as well as in neurophysiological studies and diagnosis. With modern high-density EMG sensor technology, it is possible to capture the rich spectrospatial structure of the myoelectric activity. We hypothesize that multi-way machine learning methods can(More)
Animal models provide vital tools to explicate the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Accordingly, we established two atherosclerosis-prone mice models: (i) mice lacking the LDL (low-density lipoprotein) receptor (LDLR) and the ability to edit apo (apolipoprotein) B mRNA (Apobec1; designated LDb : LDLR-/- Apobec1-/-), and (ii) mice with the LDb background,(More)