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BACKGROUND Interleukin-8 (IL-8), the major neutrophil chemoattractant factor, contributes to inflammatory tissue injury by activating neutrophils and promoting their migration into tissue. IL-8 levels increase in serum of patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The purpose of this study was to determine if IL-8 gene expression is activated in(More)
BACKGROUND The left atrial appendage (LAA) is an important source of thrombus formation. We investigated the feasibility of the recently developed real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D-TEE) method in assessment of the morphology and function of the LAA. METHODS Ninety-six consecutive patients (58 males with a mean age of (43.4(More)
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