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We examined age-related changes in endurance performance of marathon and half-marathon finishers. A total of 405 515 running times were separated into groups based on age, sex, and distance. After exclusion of repetitive running times, 300 757 runners were analyzed by ANOVA (factors: age, sex). For each age group (six decades, 20-79 years), mean running(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study was aimed at the comparative analysis of serum concentrations of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and protein S-100B in patients with acute stroke. METHODS We investigated 32 patients with stroke symptoms consistent with cerebral ischemia in the anterior territory of vascular supply. Serial venous blood samples were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess levels of glial fibrillar acidic protein (GFAP), myelin basic protein (MBP), neurone-specific enolase (NSE) and S100B in patients with first-onset schizophrenia. METHOD We investigated CSF and serum samples from 12 patients with first-onset schizophrenia and from 17 control subjects by ELISA (GFAP, MBP) or immunoluminometric sandwich(More)
This study aimed at an analysis of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in acute ischemic stroke, its association with the neurovascular status and its potential value as monitoring parameter. In 53 consecutive patients, serial venous blood samples were taken on admission, 6, 12, 18, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 h after stroke onset. The neurovascular status(More)
In Gluconobacter oxydans cultivations on glucose, CaCO3 is typically used as pH-buffer. This buffer, however, has disadvantages: suspended CaCO3 particles make the medium turbid, thereby, obstructing analysis of microbial growth via optical density and scattered light. Upon searching for alternative soluble pH-buffers, bacterial growth and productivity was(More)
This study aimed at the investigation of release patterns of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and protein S-100B after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their association with intracranial pathologic changes as demonstrated in computerized tomography (CT). We analyzed NSE and S-100B concentrations in serial venous blood samples taken one to three days after TBI(More)
The present study aimed at the predictive value of early release patterns of protein S-100B and neuron specific enolase (NSE) in patients with traumatic brain injury. We investigated 69 patients who were admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery following traumatic brain injury. Both NSE and S-100B serum concentrations during the first three days after(More)
S100B (member of a family of proteins that are 100% soluble in ammonium sulfate at neutral pH) has been widely used as astrocyte marker in animal models and in human brain diseases. Recent studies revealed S100B-immunopositivity in oligodendrocytes and O2A oligodendroglial progenitor cells. It is unknown, however, if oligodendrocytes produce S100B(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the time course of major vessel recanalization under IV thrombolysis in relation to functional outcome in acute ischemic stroke. METHODS A total of 99 patients with an acute anterior circulation vessel occlusion who underwent IV thrombolysis were included. All patients had a standardized admission and follow-up procedure.(More)
Rescue activities frequently require not only substantial and sustained hand-grip forces but also a subtle coordination of hand and finger muscles, e.g. when manipulating injection syringes after manual stretcher carriage. We investigated the recovery kinetics of manual coordination and muscle strength after exhausting stretcher carriage (4.5 km/h, load at(More)