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Nicotinamide deamidase (nicotinamide amidohydrolase, EC has been demonstrated in the conditioned growth medium of the M1 clonal cell line of mouse C1300 neuroblastoma. The enzyme has been purified 1200-1500-fold by Sephadex G25, hydroxyapatite, DEAE-cellulose, Sephadex G200 and NAD-Sepharose column chromatographies. The purified protein was(More)
The cDNA of a small subunit (hRPB14.4) of RNA polymerase II (or B) from HeLa cells has been cloned. A 127 residue peptide sequence (calculated molecular weight of 14,478; isoelectric point of 3.7) was deduced and compared to that of the homologous subunit of Saccharomyces cerevisiae polymerase (ABC23, encoded by the RPB6/RPO26 gene). About 50% of the total(More)
A systematic mutagenesis of the SV40 enhancer indicates that it spans approximately 100 bp and is composed of at least two distinct DNA domains which exhibit very little enhancing activity on their own. Their association results in a 400-fold enhancement of transcription, virtually irrespective of their relative orientation and, to some extent, of the(More)
An inexpensive, extremely rapid manual method for simultaneous synthesis of large numbers of oligodeoxyribonucleotides on 50 or 150 nanomole scale is described. The oligonucleotides are assembled in parallel by the phosphotriester method on small cellulose paper disks in a simple gas pressure-controlled continuous-flow system. For each addition of a(More)
Four cDNAs encoding human polypeptides hRPB7.0, hRPB7.6, hRPB17, and hRPB14.4 (referred to as Hs10 alpha, Hs10 beta, Hs8, and Hs6, respectively), homologous to the ABC10 alpha, ABC10 beta, ABC14.5, and ABC23 RNA polymerase subunits (referred to as Sc10 alpha, Sc10 beta, Sc8, and Sc6, respectively) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, were cloned and characterized(More)
Hybridization studies were carried out to measure sequence complexity and relative complexity of poly A-RNA populations from M1 neuroblastoma cells cultivated under proliferating conditions and after BrdU treatment. BrdU treatment is known to induce morphological differentiation. Hybridization kinetics were performed with [3H] labelled complementary DNA(More)
HeLa cell nuclear extracts and wild-type or mutated simian virus 40 enhancer DNA were used in DNase I footprinting experiments to study the interaction of putative trans-acting factors with the multiple enhancer motifs. We show that these nuclear extracts contain proteins that bind to these motifs. Because point mutations which are detrimental to the(More)
We describe a rapid and efficient microscale method for in vitro site-directed mutagenesis by gene synthesis. Mutants are constructed by "shot-gun ligation" of overlapping synthetic oligonucleotides yielding double stranded synthetic DNA of more than 120 nucleotides in length. The terminal oligonucleotides of the DNA segment to be synthesized are designed(More)