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In an effort to understand the regulation of the transition of a mature neuron to the growth, or regenerating, state we have analyzed the composition of the axonally transported proteins in the retinal ganglion cells of the toad Bufo marinus after inducing axon regeneration by crushing the optic nerve. At increasing intervals after axotomy, we labeled the(More)
In an effort to determine whether the "growth state" and the "mature state" of a neuron are differentiated by different programs of gene expression, we have compared the rapidly transported (group I) proteins in growing and nongrowing axons in rabbits. We observed two polypeptides (GAP-23 and GAP-43) which were of particular interest because of their(More)
We report here certain properties of three polypeptides that are rapidly transported in greatly increased amounts during the regeneration of toad optic nerves. All three of these growth-associated polypeptides (GAPs) are associated with a membrane(s) with a buoyant density similar to the plasma membrane. Since none of these GAPs are solubilized(More)
Sympathetic neurons regenerating in culture were studied in order to gain further insight into the intracellular distribution and phosphorylation of GAP-43, a protein that has been suggested to have a role in axonal outgrowth and neuronal plasticity (Willard et al., 1987). Superior cervical ganglion neurons from embryonic rats were highly reactive with a(More)
We analyzed the subcellular distributions of proteins that are transported down the axons of rabbit retinal ganglion cells and compared these distributions to those of enzyme markers for endoplasmic reticulum, plasma membrane, and mitochondria. The proteins of each of five previously identified transport groups were uniquely distributed through the(More)
As a preliminary step to studying changes in axonal transport in regenerating neurons, we have analyzed the composition and organization of polypeptides normally axonally transported in a neuronal system capable of regeneration, i.e., the retinal ganglion cells of the toad, Bufo marinus. We labeled proteins synthesized in the retina with 35S-methionine and(More)
Two polypeptides (M1 and M2) which co-sediment with F-actin in an ATP-reversible way have been detected in extracts of tissue from the rabbit visual system. Both polypeptides resemble skeletal muscle myosin in their ATP-sensitive co-sedimentation with actin, while they resemble the heavy chain of myosin and the lighter polypeptide of erythrocyte spectrin in(More)
The anticonvulsant BW A78U, tested in a free mouse exploratory situation, reduced in a dose-dependent fashion the locomotion and the number of rearings, this sedative effect being significant up to a dose of 15 mg/kg (IP, 20 min before testing). In an unconditioned conflict test, the light/dark box choice situation, specific for anxiolytics, low doses of BW(More)
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