Learn More
When bacterial cells are tethered to glass by their flagella, many of them spin. On the basis of experiments with tethered cells it has generally been thought that the motor which drives the flagellum is a two-state device, existing in either a counterclockwise or a clockwise state. Here we show that a third state of the motor is that of pausing, the(More)
Wild-type Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium cells, tethered to glass by their flagella, rotate with brief intermittent pauses, the prevalence of which is decreased by attractants and increased by repellents. By attaching latex beads to filaments of a S. typhimurium mutant having straight rather than helical flagella, it was established that the(More)
  • 1