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Corynebacterium glutamicum is a biotin auxotroph that secretes L-glutamic acid in response to biotin limitation; this process is employed in industrial L-glutamic acid production. Fatty acid ester surfactants and penicillin also induce L-glutamic acid secretion, even in the presence of biotin. However, the mechanism of L-glutamic acid secretion remains(More)
Faithful chromosome segregation is an essential component of cell division in all organisms. The eukaryotic mitotic machinery uses the cytoskeleton to move specific chromosomal regions. To investigate the potential role of the actin-like MreB protein in bacterial chromosome segregation, we first demonstrate that MreB is the direct target of the small(More)
We found that the Escherichia coli cafA::cat mutant accumulated a precursor of 16S rRNA. This precursor migrated to the same position with 16.3S precursor found in the BUMMER strain that is known to be deficient in the 5' end processing of 16S rRNA. Accumulation of 16. 3S rRNA in the BUMMER mutant was complemented by introduction of a plasmid carrying the(More)
Taking advantage of highly conserved domains present in the ftsZ genes from Escherichia coli, Rhizobium meliloti, and Bacillus subtilis, we designed degenerate oligonucleotides (oligos) corresponding to these regions. These oligos were used as primers in PCR in order to amplify DNA sequences from Brevibacterium flavum MJ233 chromosomal DNA. The PCR product(More)
The Corynebacterium glutamicum mutant KY9714, originally isolated as a lysozyme-sensitive mutant, does not grow at 37 degrees C. Complementation tests and DNA sequencing analysis revealed that a mutation in a single gene of 1,920 bp, ltsA (lysozyme and temperature sensitive), was responsible for its lysozyme sensitivity and temperature sensitivity. The ltsA(More)
In order to characterize the cell-division mechanism of coryneform bacteria, we tried to isolate cell-division mutants from Corynebacterium glutamicum after N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis, such as Escherichia coli fts mutants, which form long filaments at the restrictive temperatures. At the non-permissive temperature, most of the mutants(More)
BACKGROUND Escherichia coli rng gene (previously called cafA) encodes a novel RNase, named RNase G, which is involved in the 5' end-processing of 16S rRNA. In rng mutant cells, a precursor form of 16S rRNA, 16.3S rRNA, is accumulated. Here we report a role of RNase G in the in vivo mRNA metabolism. RESULTS We found that rng:cat mutant strains overproduced(More)
Overproduction of CafA caused formation of chained cells and minicells. The cafA gene is located downstream from the mre region at 71 min on the Escherichia coli chromosome map and was previously called orfF. A long axial structure running through the chained cells, consisting of bundles of filaments assembled in a long hexagonal pillar several micrometers(More)
BACKGROUND The TolC outer membrane channel is a key component of several multidrug resistance (MDR) efflux pumps driven by H(+) transport in Escherichia coli. While tolC expression is under the regulation of the EvgA-Gad acid resistance regulon, the role of TolC in growth at low pH and extreme-acid survival is unknown. METHODS AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS TolC(More)
To propose candidates for the prevention or treatment of osteoporosis, we have screened compounds naturally in food for their ability to regulate the differentiation and function of osteoclasts. One of the major green tea flavonoids, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), was found to induce apoptotic cell death of osteoclast-like multinucleated cells after(More)