Learn More
The cytoprotective effect of the natural dietary constituent indole-3-carbinol (I-3-C) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) mediated hepatotoxicity in mice was examined. I-3-C pretreatment by gavage 1 hr prior to intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 produced a 63% decrease in CCl4-mediated centrolobular necrosis and a related 60% decrease in plasma alanine(More)
Solvents and fuels are in widespread use both in civilian and military populations. 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCA), xylene, toluene, methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and methylene chloride are found in a variety of compounds including degreasing agents, paints, coatings, pesticides and paint strippers. Toluene and xylene are also found in fuels, which are complex(More)
The murine aromatic hydrocarbon ([Ah]) gene battery consists of at least six genes that code for two functionalizing (Phase I) enzymes and four non-functionalizing (Phase II) enzymes. These enzymes are induced by compounds such as aromatic hydrocarbons and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) that bind to the cytosolic Ah receptor protein. Studies in(More)
Prostaglandin, dehydrogenase activity was determined in deciduomal and myometrial tissues during growth and regression of the deciduoma during pseudopregnancy. The hormonal control of prostaglandin dehydrogenase activity in these tissues was determined in experiments with ovariectomized pseudopregnant rats. Prostaglandin dehydrogenase activity for both(More)
Induction of Phase II enzymes of the [Ah] gene battery by L-buthionine (S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO) and other agents was examined in mouse hepatoma Hepa-1c1c7 cells. BSO, a nonelectrophilic inhibitor of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (GCS), is routinely used to examine the toxicological implications of GSH depletion. Exposure to BSO for 24 h produced a 75-85%(More)
Indole-3-carbinol (I-3-C) was examined for its ability to protect mice against 24-hr N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA)-mediated hepatotoxicity. NDMA (20 mg/kg body weight) alone produced extensive hemorrhagic and centrolobular necrotic lesions, with a necrotic severity index of 3.0 +/- 0.4 (scale of 0-5). Treatment with 50 mg/kg body weight of I-3-C by gavage,(More)
The effects of administering indole-3-carbinol (I-3-C) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity were examined. Mice received by gavage 0-150 mg I-3-C/kg body wt in methanol-extracted corn oil, followed 1 h later by 15 microliters CCl4/kg body wt in corn oil. Animals were sacrificed 24 h after receiving CCl4. Pretreatment with I-3-C reduced the(More)
Prodigiosin produced by marine bacterium Vibrio ruber DSM 14379 exhibits a potent antimicrobial activity against a broad range of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. The mechanism of prodigiosin antimicrobial action, however, is not known. In this work, the effect of prodigiosin on Bacillus subtilis growth, cell membrane leakage, and induction of(More)
Established cell lines derived from newborn livers of c14CoS/c14CoS and cch/cch mice have been shown to be genetically resistant (14CoS/14CoS cells) or susceptible (ch/ch cells) to menadione toxicity. These differences are due in part to relatively higher levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and NAD(P)H:menadione oxidoreductase (NMO1) activity in the(More)
A novel assay system was developed in order to quantitate the nucleophilicity of pure chemicals or tissue extracts. This Nucleophilic Index Value (NIV) assay was based on the ability of putative nucleophiles to inhibit the methylation of cysteine by limiting concentrations of the electrophilic source, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU). Efficacy of model and(More)