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Most species of photosynthetic bacteria synthesize their photosynthetic apparatus only under conditions of reduced oxygen tension. To a large extent, this phenomenon is dependent upon anaerobic induction of photosynthesis gene expression. Here we report an example of a regulatory gene, regA, that is involved in transactivating anaerobic expression of the(More)
Chronic exposure to ethanol increases transcription of the molecular chaperone Hsc70 in NG108-15 neuroblastoma X glioma cells. This and other ethanol-induced changes in gene expression may contribute to central nervous system tolerance and dependence in alcoholics. Here, we characterized sequences in the hsc70 promoter that are required for ethanol-induced(More)
The genetic locus ahcY, encoding the enzyme S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (EC from the bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus, has been mapped by mutational analysis to within a cluster of genes involved in regulating the induction and maintenance of the bacterial photosynthetic apparatus. Sequence analysis demonstrates that ahcY encodes a 51-kDa(More)
The purple nonsulfur photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus regulates synthesis of its photosystem in response to two environmental stimuli, oxygen tension and light intensity. Here we describe the identification and characterization of the trans-acting regulatory gene hvrA, which we show is involved in differentially controlling reaction center(More)
The c-fos immediate-early gene is induced by morphine and other drugs of abuse in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), a mesolimbic region implicated in drug abuse and reward. This study examined the role of c-fos in the acquisition and expression of the conditioned place paradigm (CPP) in the rat by suppressing Fos protein expression with c-fos antisense(More)
Acute and chronic exposure to ethanol produces specific changes in several signal transduction cascades. Such alterations in signaling are thought to be a crucial aspect of the central nervous system's adaptive response, which occurs with chronic exposure to ethanol. We have recently identified and isolated several genes whose expression is specifically(More)
Here we present the nucleotide sequence and characterization of two genes, hvrB and orf5, that are located in the regulatory gene cluster from Rhodobacter capsulatus. The hvrB gene, which encodes a protein with a predicted molecular mass of 32 kDa, is shown to be highly homologous to genes encoding members of the LysR family of bacterial transcriptional(More)
Our studies in the NG108-15 neuroblastoma x glioma cell line previously showed that the molecular chaperonin, Hsc70, is an ethanol-responsive gene (EtRG) regulated at the level of transcription by ethanol. We recently identified two related molecular chaperonins, GRP94 and GRP78, as EtRGs with GRP94 mRNA abundance being induced by ethanol more than(More)
Phosducin-like protein (PhLP), a widely expressed ethanol-responsive gene (Miles, M. F., Barhite, S., Sganga, M., and Elliott, M. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 90, 10831-10835), is a homologue of phosducin, a known major regulator of Gbetagamma signaling in retina and pineal gland. However, although phosducin has a well characterized role in(More)
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