M W Oglesby

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The free-radical gas nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in a diverse range of physiological processes. It is synthesized from the precursor L-arginine by the enzyme NO synthase (NOS), which transforms L-arginine into NO and citrulline. This synthetic pathway exists in the central nervous system (CNS), and NO appears to be a messenger molecule in the(More)
Tissue plasminogen activator, tPA, is induced in the brain by electrical activity leading to synaptic remodeling. It is also induced in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) by acute cocaine. We investigated cocaine-induced locomotor activity, the development of sensitisation to cocaine and cocaine self-administration in mice lacking the gene encoding tPA. Mice(More)
The effects of several drugs on schedule-controlled operant behavior depend on the baseline rate of responding and on the nature of the environmental conditions that maintain the behavior. For example, the effects of amphetamine and alpha-methylpara-tyrosine (alphaMT) on operant performances depend to a large extent on the rate at which organisms respond(More)
The present study determined whether anxiolytics such as diazepam (DZP), the benzodiazepine (BZD) receptor-selective agonist abecarnil (ABC), or the 5-HT1(A) agent buspirone (BUS) would increase the response latency of rats to switch-off electrical brain stimulation (EBS) of the periaqueductal gray (PAG). We also investigated the effects of(More)
When ethanol is used as a training stimulus in drug discrimination experiments, benzodiazepines (such as diazepam) as well as non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists (such as ketamine) substitute for ethanol; in contrast, when a benzodiazepine or an NMDA antagonist is used as a training drug, ethanol does not substitute reliably. In the(More)
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