Learn More
Here we review studies that provided important information about conformational properties of DNA using circular dichroic (CD) spectroscopy. The conformational properties include the B-family of structures, A-form, Z-form, guanine quadruplexes, cytosine quadruplexes, triplexes and other less characterized structures. CD spectroscopy is extremely sensitive(More)
Jovin and co-workers have demonstrated that DNA strands containing guanine-adenine repeats generate a parallel-stranded homoduplex. Here we propose that the homoduplex is a dimer of the ordered single strand discovered by Fresco and co-workers at acid pH. The Fresco single strand is shown here to be stabilized in aqueous ethanol where adenine is not(More)
The arrangement of the human telomeric quadruplex in physiologically relevant conditions has not yet been unambiguously determined. Our spectroscopic results suggest that the core quadruplex sequence G(3)(TTAG(3))(3) forms an antiparallel quadruplex of the same basket type in solution containing either K(+) or Na(+) ions. Analogous sequences extended by(More)
Nucleic acid structure-function correlations are pivotal to major biological events like transcription, replication, and recombination. Depending on intracellular conditions in vivo and buffer composition in vitro, DNA appears capable of inexhaustible structure variation. At moderately acidic, or even neutral pH, DNA strands that are rich in cytosine bases(More)
DNA usually adopts structure B in aqueous solution, while structure A is preferred in mixtures of trifluoroethanol (TFE) with water. However, the octamer d(CCCCGGGG) and other d(C(n)G(n)) fragments of DNA provide CD spectra that suggest that the base-pairs are stacked in an A-like fashion even in aqueous solution. Yet, d(CCCCGGGG) undergoes a cooperative(More)
Retrotransposons with long terminal repeats (LTR) form a significant proportion of eukaryotic genomes, especially in plants. They have gag and pol genes and several regulatory regions necessary for transcription and reverse transcription. We searched for potential quadruplex-forming sequences (PQSs) and potential triplex-forming sequences (PTSs) in 18 377(More)
We have studied the formation and structural properties of quadruplexes of the human telomeric DNA sequence G(3)(T(2)AG(3))(3) and related sequences in which each guanine base was replaced by an adenine base. None of these single base substitutions hindered the formation of antiparallel quadruplexes, as shown by circular dichroism, gel electrophoresis, and(More)
Circular dichroism (CD) is remarkably sensitive to the conformational states of nucleic acids; therefore, CD spectroscopy has been used to study most features of DNA and RNA structures. Quadruplexes are among the significant noncanonical nucleic acids architectures that have received special attentions recently. This article presents examples on the(More)
Conformational properties of microsatellite DNA regions are the probable reason of their expansions in genomes which lead to serious genetic diseases in some cases. Using CD spectroscopy, UV absorption spectroscopy and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, we study in this paper conformational properties of (CGA)(4) and compare them with those of (CAG)(4) - a(More)
DNA concentration has been recently suggested to be the reason why different arrangements are revealed for K(+)-stabilized human telomere quadruplexes by experimental methods requiring DNA concentrations differing by orders of magnitude. As Raman spectroscopy can be applied to DNA samples ranging from those accessible by absorption and CD spectroscopies up(More)