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The arrangement of the human telomeric quadruplex in physiologically relevant conditions has not yet been unambiguously determined. Our spectroscopic results suggest that the core quadruplex sequence G(3)(TTAG(3))(3) forms an antiparallel quadruplex of the same basket type in solution containing either K(+) or Na(+) ions. Analogous sequences extended by(More)
Here we review studies that provided important information about conformational properties of DNA using circular dichroic (CD) spectroscopy. The conformational properties include the B-family of structures, A-form, Z-form, guanine quadruplexes, cytosine quadruplexes, triplexes and other less characterized structures. CD spectroscopy is extremely sensitive(More)
DNA concentration has been recently suggested to be the reason why different arrangements are revealed for K(+)-stabilized human telomere quadruplexes by experimental methods requiring DNA concentrations differing by orders of magnitude. As Raman spectroscopy can be applied to DNA samples ranging from those accessible by absorption and CD spectroscopies up(More)
Secondary structures of the G-rich strand of human telomere DNA fragments G3(TTAG3)n, n = 1-16, have been studied by means of circular dichroism spectroscopy and PAGE, in solutions of physiological potassium cation concentrations. It has been found that folding of these fragments into tetraplexes as well as tetraplex thermostabilities and enthalpy values(More)
5-Hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) was recently identified as a relatively frequent base in eukaryotic genomes. Its physiological function is still unclear, but it is supposed to serve as an intermediate in DNA de novo demethylation. Using X-ray diffraction, we solved five structures of four variants of the d(CGCGAATTCGCG) dodecamer, containing either 5-hmC or(More)
A simple method is presented to monitor conformational isomerizations along genomic DNA. We illustrate properties of the method with the B-A conformational transition induced by ethanol in linearized pUC19 plasmid DNA. At various ethanol concentrations, the DNA was irradiated with ultraviolet light, transferred to a restriction endonuclease buffer and the(More)
We took 28 fragments of DNA whose crystal structures were known and used CD spectroscopy to search for conditions stabilising the crystal structures in solution. All 28 fragments switched into their crystal structures in 60-80% aqueous trifluorethanol (TFE) to indicate that the crystals affected the conformation of DNA like the concentrated TFE. The(More)
Examination of circular dichroic and phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectra showed that poly(dA-dT)-poly(dA-dT) exhibited an ethanol-induced transition to the A form in an Na+ containing medium like natural DNAs. A mere replacement of the Na+ by Cs+ counterions meant that the polynucleotide was with a little cooperativity transformed into a novel(More)
Retrotransposons with long terminal repeats (LTR) form a significant proportion of eukaryotic genomes, especially in plants. They have gag and pol genes and several regulatory regions necessary for transcription and reverse transcription. We searched for potential quadruplex-forming sequences (PQSs) and potential triplex-forming sequences (PTSs) in 18 377(More)
It has previously been demonstrated by other workers that the duplex of a synthetic DNA poly(amino2dA-dT) undergoes a salt-induced conformational isomerization. We show in the present work using circular dichroism that the same isomerization is induced in poly(amino2dA-dT) by various alcohols. The isomerization was originally identified as the B-to-Z and(More)