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Domain inversion is used in a simple fashion to improve significantly the performance of a waveguide electro-optic modulator in z-cut LiNbO(3). The waveguide arms of the Mach-Zehnder interferometer are placed in opposite domain-oriented regions under the same, narrower and more efficient electrode, so that opposite phase shifts (push-pull effect) can still(More)
The proton-nucleon cross section ratio R = Br(Υ → l + l −) · dσ(Υ)/dy| y=0 / σ(J/ψ) has been measured with the HERA-B spectrometer in fixed-target proton-nucleus collisions at 920 GeV proton beam energy corresponding to a proton-nucleon cms energy of √ s = 41.6 GeV. The combined results for the decay channels Υ → e + e − and Υ → µ + µ − yield a ratio R =(More)
Knowledge of the neutron distribution in a nuclear reactor is necessary to ensure the safe and efficient burnup of reactor fuel. Currently these measurements are performed by in-core systems in what are extremely hostile environments and in most reactor accident scenarios it is likely that these systems would be damaged. Here we present a compact and(More)
The mid-rapidity (dσ pN /dy at y=0) and total (σ pN) production cross sections of J/ψ mesons are measured in proton-nucleus interactions. Data collected by the HERA-B experiment in interactions of 920 GeV/c protons with carbon, titanium and tungsten targets are used for this analysis. The J/ψ mesons are reconstructed by their decay into lepton pairs. The(More)
We study by molecular dynamics simulations the hydration of beta-cyclodextrin. Our simulations show that within these barrel-shaped molecules hydrophobicity dominates, while at the top and bottom sides of the barrel interactions with water are mostly hydrophilic in nature. These results agree with crystallographic data at 120 K and, in particular, with the(More)
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