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BACKGROUND The operating room is a complex work environment with a high potential for adverse events. Protocols for perioperative verification processes have increasingly been recommended by professional organizations during the last few years. We assessed personnel attitudes to a pre-operative checklist ('time out') immediately before start of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the controversial issue of anticoagulant therapy and indications for surgery in association with severe sinus thrombosis. METHODS During the last 4 years, we have treated three patients with severe sinus thrombosis of the dural sinuses. All three patients received systemic anticoagulant therapy and, after experiencing neurological(More)
Classically haemodilution is regarded as causing coagulopathy. However, haemodilution with saline seems to cause a hypercoagulable state both in vivo and in vitro. The aim of the present study was to measure the effect of mild to severe haemodilution using thrombelastography. Blood samples were taken in 12 healthy volunteers and divided into seven aliquots.(More)
The concentration of propofol in and surrounding the human brain during propofol anaesthesia is unknown. We measured simultaneously the concentration of propofol in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from an indwelling intraventricular catheter and the concentration in arterial blood in five neurosurgical patients before, during induction (at 2.5 and 5 min) and(More)
BACKGROUND There are several studies indicating a correlation between treatment with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) and pruritus. In order to see whether there is a possible dose-response relationship between HES and pruritus, we retrospectively studied 50 patients who had received HES in varying doses (cumulative dose 500-19500 ml) as hemodilution therapy after(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To study the changes in PETCO2 during spontaneous and controlled ventilation in patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopy. DESIGN Randomized, unblinded study. SETTING Department of Gynecology, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden; Central Hospital, Norrköping, Sweden. PATIENTS Forty healthy patients undergoing gynecologic(More)
The pulse oximeter has been shown to be a reliable monitor of arterial oxygen saturation and has therefore been recommended as mandatory monitoring for patients during anaesthesia and intensive care. In 1989 two review articles on pulse oximetry were published (1, 2) and two years ago Severinghaus and Kelleher summarized the literature between 1989 and(More)
BACKGROUND Colloid fluids influence the coagulation system by diluting the plasma and, potentially, by exerting other effects that are unique for each fluid product. We hypothesised that changes in the coagulation measured at the end of surgery would be mainly governed by differences in half-life between the colloid fluids. METHODS Eighty-four patients(More)
We compared measurements obtained with a pulse oximeter (SpO2) against values obtained from a CO-oximeter in a patient with carbon monoxide poisoning. SpO2 was equal to the sum of the oxyhaemoglobin (HbO) and carboxyhaemoglobin (HbCO) values over the range of HbCO from 30 to 1%. This confirms the experimental findings that pulse oximeters measure HbCO as(More)
Photoplethysmography (PPG) can be used to measure systolic blood pressure at the brachial artery. With a specially designed probe, positioned in the most distal position beneath a pressure cuff on the upper arm, this is possible. The distance between the light source (880 nm) and the photodetector was 20 mm. A test was performed on neuro-intensive care(More)