M. V. Kevbrina

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Methane oxidation in the cover soil of the Khmet'evo municipal landfill in Moscow oblast was investigated. Methane emission from the experimental site of the landfill was highly heterogeneous. At a depth of 45–60 cm, the pore gas mainly consisted of CH4 (60–70%) and CO2 (30–40%). In the upper layers of the cover soil, the concentration of these gases(More)
The biogeochemical and molecular biological study of the chemocline and sediments of saline meromictic lakes Shira and Shunet (Khakasia, Russia) was performed. A marked increase in the rates of sulfate reduction and methanogenesis was revealed at the medium depths of the chemocline. The rates of these processes in the bottom sediments decreased with depth.(More)
The enumeration of methanotrophic bacteria in the cover soil of an aged municipal landfill was carried out using (1) fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with horseradish peroxidase-labeled oligonucleotide probes and tyramide signal amplification, also known as catalyzed reporter deposition-FISH (CARD-FISH), and (2) most probable number (MPN) method.(More)
The anoxygenic phototrophic bacterial community of the high-altitude meromictic Lake Gek-Gel (Azerbaijan) was investigated in September 2003. The highest concentration of bacteriochlorophyll e (48 μg/l) was detected at a depth of 30 m; the peak of bacteriochlorophyll a (4.5 μg/l) occurred at 29 m. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that brown-colored green(More)
Methods of intensifying the anaerobic microbial decomposition of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (MSW) on an MSW landfill and in anaerobic reactors were studied. It was discovered that it is preferable for the initiation and stabilization of the process of anaerobic digestion of organic waste in laboratory bioreactors at 20 and 50°C to use a(More)
The optimal growth of mesophilic methanotrophic bacteria (collection strains of the genera Methylocystis, Methylomonas, Methylosinus, and Methylobacter) occurred within temperature ranges of 31–34°C and 23–25°C. None of the 12 strains studied were able to grow at 1.5 or 4°C. Representatives of six methanotrophic species (strains Mcs. echinoides2, Mm.(More)
The contribution of the major technologically important microbial groups (ammonium- and nitrite-oxidizing, phosphate-accumulating, foam-inducing, and anammox bacteria, as well as planctomycetes and methanogenic archaea) was characterized for the aeration tanks of the Moscow wastewater treatment facilities. FISH investigation revealed that aerobic sludge(More)
The review deals with the unique microbial group responsible for anaerobic ammonium oxidation with nitrite (anammox), and with the role of this process in development of the biotechnology for removal of nitrogen compounds from wastewater. The history of the study of this process is briefly related. Up-to date knowledge on the intracellular organization,(More)
Methanogenic and methane-oxidizing activities of the microbial population of sewage sludge checks (Moscow and Syktyvkar regions) were studied at temperatures ranging from 5 to 25 degrees C. The number of methanogens in silt samples reached 10(10) cells/ml. A temperature decrease from 25 to 5 degrees C led to a sharp decrease of methanogenesis in the silt(More)
The lipid composition of the microbial community inhabiting activated sludge in a pilot reactor for the anaerobic oxidation of ammonium (anammox) at the Kur’yanovo Treatment Plant (Moscow) has been studied. The fatty acid composition is mostly based on common fatty acids C14–C18 (95%) with both normal and isomeric structures. The biomass of activated sludge(More)