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The complete carotenoid composition of the thermophilic green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum strain TNO was determined by spectroscopic methods. Major carotenoids were four kinds of carotenes: γ-carotene, chlorobactene, and their 1′,2′-dihydro derivatives (1′,2′-dihydro-γ-carotene and 1′,2′-dihydrochlorobactene). In lesser amounts, hydroxyl γ-carotene,(More)
Expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) in Escherichia coli (E. coli) resulted in only small amount of soluble and fluorescent GFP protein and hence most of the protein in insoluble particles. The expressed GFP in insoluble particles, however, was fluorescent, indicating that it is at least in part folded with an intact chromophore. The GFP in(More)
Recombinant proteins are often expressed in the form of insoluble inclusion bodies in bacteria. To facilitate refolding of recombinant proteins obtained from inclusion bodies, 0.1 to 1 M arginine is customarily included in solvents used for refolding the proteins by dialysis or dilution. In addition, arginine at higher concentrations, e.g., 0.5-2 M, can be(More)
The gradual removal of the denaturing reagent guanidine HCl (GdnHCl) using stepwise dialysis with the introduction of an oxidizing reagent and l-arginine resulted in the highly efficient refolding of various denatured single-chain Fv fragments (scFvs) from inclusion bodies expressed in Escherichia coli. In this study, the influence of the additives on the(More)
To study how oligomerization may contribute to the thermostability of archaeon proteins, we focused on a hexameric protein, protein L-isoaspartyl-O-methyltransferase from Sulfolobus tokodaii (StoPIMT). The crystal structure shows that StoPIMT has a distinctive hexameric structure composed of monomers consisting of two domains: an(More)
Several recombinant proteins in inclusion bodies expressed in Escherichia coli have been measured by Fourier transform infrared and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectra to provide the secondary structural characteristics of the proteins from hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 (hyperthermophilic proteins) in inclusion bodies. The(More)
This study was carried out to investigate the structural perturbation of the protein's local structure by the denaturants under non-denaturing conditions. Crystal structure of CutA from an archaeon Pyrococcus horikosii (PhoCutA), a heavy-metal binding protein, was determined at 1.6-angstroms resolution in the presence of 3 M guanidine HCl (GdnHCl). Native(More)
As a complementary tool to nanofluidics, biomolecular-based transport is envisioned for nanotechnological devices. We report a new method for guiding microtubule shuttles on multi-walled carbon nanotube tracks, aligned by dielectrophoresis on a functionalized surface. In the absence of electric field and in fluid flow, alignment is maintained. The directed(More)
The construction of antibody fragments has the potential to reduce the high cost of therapeutic antibody production, but the structures of these fragments, with monovalency and the lack of an Fc region, can lead to reduced function. Multimerization is one strategy for recovering function that also yields better tumor-to-blood ratios than IgGs or monomeric(More)
The complete carotenoid composition of the thermophilic green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum strain TNO was determined by spectroscopic methods. Major carotenoids were four kinds of carotenes: gamma-carotene, chlorobactene, and their 1',2'-dihydro derivatives (1',2'-dihydro-gamma-carotene and 1',2'-dihydrochlorobactene). In lesser amounts, hydroxyl(More)