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OBJECTIVE We aimed to study the effect of cigarette smoking on the prevalence and severity of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). PATIENTS One hundred and fifty-five newly diagnosed patients with Graves' disease (GD) were diagnosed clinically and by routine biochemical methods. Twenty-five per cent (39) were of Asian origin. METHODS Eye signs were classified(More)
In 37 female patients with primary osteoporosis, urinary hydroxyproline excretion, determined in 18 24-h consecutive complete urine collections was compared with two radioisotopic measurements of bone resorption rate measured simultaneously using 85Sr. A somewhat better fit was obtained when the kinetically determined bone resorption rate was corrected for(More)
In 20 untreated patients with idiopathic or postmenopausal osteoporosis, kinetic studies of skeletal blood flow (using 18F) and bone turnover (using 85Sr) were combined with dynamic histomorphometry performed on transiliac biopsies taken within 6 weeks of each other. In 8 patients the combined studies were repeated after treatment. A further 5 patients were(More)
1. Radiocalcium absorption was measured in duplicate in 10 subjects by the double-isotope method, with calcium as the oral carrier (2.5 mmol). Analysis of variance gave 95% confidence limits for a single measurement of fractional absorption and maximum absorption rate in a given individual of +/- 16.5% of administered dose and +/- 18.2% of dose/h(More)
Bone formation and resorption have been measured in patients with idiopathic osteoporosis by histomorphometry of 7.5-mm trephine biopsies and in the whole body by 85Sr radiotracer methodology and calcium balances. The studies were synchronized and most were preceded by double in vivo tetracycline labeling. Correlations between histological and kinetic bone(More)
A comparative study of high-dose (HD, carbimazole 60 mg plus thyroxine 100-150 micrograms daily) and titration-dose (TD) regimens of carbimazole was carried out in 70 patients with Graves' disease, the patients being assigned randomly to one or other regimen. The treatment was given for 1 year and follow-up was for 2 years after stopping treatment. In both(More)
In an attempt to achieve an anabolic response in both axial and peripheral bone, we treated twelve patients with osteoporosis using human 1-34 parathyroid peptide given discontinuously. The peptide was given as seven daily subcutaneous injections followed by 21 days' treatment with 0.25 mg calcitriol orally. This regime was repeated cyclically for at least(More)
Background.  The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies (Abs) and active HCV infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected (HIV+) patients in Spain in 2015. This was a cross-sectional study. Methods.  The study was performed in 41 centers in 2015. Sample size was estimated for an accuracy of(More)
Radial bone mineral content (BMC) has been reported to be lower than normal in patients with hyperparathyroidism, but those measurements have been made with techniques which do not discriminate between trabecular and cortical bone. We have used a low radiation dose computed tomography technique to make differential measurements of trabecular and cortical(More)