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We studied the expression of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor and the proliferative response to exogenous IL-2 of peripheral blood leukemic cells from patients with adult T cell leukemia (ATL) in order to see whether IL-2 receptor expressed on ATL cells is different from normal IL-2 receptor and whether it plays a role in the neoplastic growth in ATL.(More)
We established an interleukin 2 (IL-2)-dependent human T cell line, Kit 225, from a patient with T cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (T-CLL) with OKT3+, -T4+, -T8- phenotype. Southern blot analysis showed that Kit 225 is not infected with human T cell leukemia/lymphoma virus (HTLV) type I or II, and is probably derived from the major clone in the fresh(More)
A mAb specific for the murine IL-2R beta-chain (IL-2R beta) was produced by immunizing a rat with a rat transfectant cell line expressing a large number of cDNA-encoded murine IL-2R beta. The mAb, designated TM-beta 1, is specifically reactive with the murine IL-2R beta cDNA-transfectant but not with the recipient cell, and immunoprecipitates murine IL-2R(More)
A continuous cell line (YT cells) with inducible receptor for T cell growth factor (TCGF)/interleukin 2 (IL 2) was established from a 15-yr-old boy with acute lymphoblastic lymphoma and thymoma. YT cells were tetraploid, having 4q+ chromosomal markers, and proliferated continuously in vitro without conditioned medium (CM) or IL 2. They were weakly positive(More)
The interleukin 2 (IL-2) receptor system plays a key role in the T-cell immune response. Although IL-2 binding was reported to be restricted to the Tac peptide, we have identified an IL-2 binding peptide that does not react with anti-human IL-2 receptor monoclonal antibodies, including anti-Tac on MLA 144, a gibbon ape T-cell line. The MLA 144 cell line(More)
Two-color fluorescence analysis revealed that Tac antigen, which was previously reported to be restricted to T cells, was expressed on a proportion of normal B cells activated by Staphylococcus aureus Cowan I (SAC). Immunoaffinity-purified interleukin 2 (IL-2) induced the proliferation of SAC-activated B cells, and the proliferation was completely inhibited(More)
IL-2Rs are expressed by T cells activated in response to foreign histocompatibility Ags but not by normal cells. This difference in IL-2R expression is exploited by blockade of IL-2Rs to achieve immunosuppression. High affinity IL-2Rs involve three subunits, IL-2R alpha, IL-2R beta, and IL-2R gamma. Murine Mik beta 1, a mAb that blocks IL-2 binding to IL-2R(More)
The human high-affinity receptor for interleukin 2 (IL-2) has been proposed as being a membrane complex composed of at least two distinct polypeptide chains: p55 (alpha chain), recognized by the anti-Tac monoclonal antibody (mAb), and p75 (beta chain), both of which are capable of binding IL-2. Whereas the alpha chain itself has been shown to be(More)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) stimulates proliferation of T lymphocytes and is involved in the activation of both natural killer and lymphokine-activated killer precursor cells. The intracellular messengers which mediate IL-2-dependent events have not yet been identified. IL-2 receptor is not a protein-tyrosine kinase. Activation of a cellular protein-tyrosine(More)
Functional studies of the interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R) of two (ED515-D and Kit225) IL-2-dependent and three (ED515-I, 3T3-alpha beta 11, and Hut102) IL-2-independent cell lines were done. All of these cell lines appeared to express high as well as low affinity IL-2R. However, ED515-I and 3T3-alpha beta 11, which expressed the IL-2R beta chain, did not(More)