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There has been an increase in research interest for brain-computer interface (BCI) technology as an alternate mode of communication and environmental control for the disabled, such as patients suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), brainstem stroke and spinal cord injury. Disabled patients with appropriate physical care and cognitive ability to(More)
We report the implementation of a text input application (speller) based on the P300 event related potential. We obtain high accuracies by using an SVM classifier and a novel feature. These techniques enable us to maintain fast performance without sacrificing the accuracy, thus making the speller usable in an online mode. In order to further improve the(More)
Improving classification accuracy is a key issue to advancing brain computer interface (BCI) research from laboratory to real world applications. This article presents a high accuracy EEG signal classification method using single trial EEG signal to detect left and right finger movement. We apply an optimal temporal filter to remove irrelevant signal and(More)
The cross sections and forward-backward asymmetries of hadronic and leptonic events produced in e + e − collisions at centre-of-mass energies from 130 to 183 GeV are presented. Results for e + e − , µ + µ − , τ + τ − , q¯ q, b ¯ b and c¯ c production show no significant deviation from the Standard Model predictions. This enables constraints to be set upon(More)
We report the effect of removing ocular artifacts on the performance of a word-processing application based on the event related potential P300. Various methods of removing artifacts have been reported. The efficiency of these algorithms are usually done by subjective visual comparisons. Noting that there is a direct correlation of artifact rectifying(More)
We report our studies on a Brain Computer Interface (BCI) speller application with an aim to optimize its performance and usability. We study the dependence of the spelling accuracy as a function of (a) the number of visual stimuli (repetitions) presented to the user, (b) the P300 segment length used, (c) the number of channels used, and (d) the amount of(More)
The production rates of D + c / ¯ Λ − c in Z → c¯ c decays are measured using the LEP I data sample recorded by the ALEPH detector. The fractional energy spectrum of the D * ± is well described as the sum of three contributions: charm hadronisation, b hadron decays and gluon splitting into a pair of heavy quarks. The probability for a c quark to hadronise(More)
Indirect limits on the mass of the lightest neutralino are derived from the results of searches for charginos, neutralinos, and sleptons performed with data taken by the ALEPH Collaboration at centre-of-mass energies near the Z peak and at 130 and 136 GeV. Within the context of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model and when M ˜ ν ≥ 200 GeV/c 2 , the(More)