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There has been an increase in research interest for brain-computer interface (BCI) technology as an alternate mode of communication and environmental control for the disabled, such as patients suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), brainstem stroke and spinal cord injury. Disabled patients with appropriate physical care and cognitive ability to(More)
We report the implementation of a text input application (speller) based on the P300 event related potential. We obtain high accuracies by using an SVM classifier and a novel feature. These techniques enable us to maintain fast performance without sacrificing the accuracy, thus making the speller usable in an online mode. In order to further improve the(More)
Improving classification accuracy is a key issue to advancing brain computer interface (BCI) research from laboratory to real world applications. This article presents a high accuracy EEG signal classification method using single trial EEG signal to detect left and right finger movement. We apply an optimal temporal filter to remove irrelevant signal and(More)
We report our studies on a Brain Computer Interface (BCI) speller application with an aim to optimize its performance and usability. We study the dependence of the spelling accuracy as a function of (a) the number of visual stimuli (repetitions) presented to the user, (b) the P300 segment length used, (c) the number of channels used, and (d) the amount of(More)
We report the effect of removing ocular artifacts on the performance of a word-processing application based on the event related potential P300. Various methods of removing artifacts have been reported. The efficiency of these algorithms are usually done by subjective visual comparisons. Noting that there is a direct correlation of artifact rectifying(More)
We have fully reconstructed decays of both B 0 and B mesons into nal states containing either D, D , D , , 0 or c1 mesons. This allows us to obtain new results on many physics topics including branching ratios, tests of the factorization hypothesis, color suppression, resonant substructure, and the B B 0 mass diierence.
The four-jet nal state is analyzed to search for hadronic decays of pair-produced heavy particles. The analysis uses the ALEPH data collected at LEP in November 1995 at centre-of-mass energies of 130 and 136 GeV, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 5.7 pb ?1. An excess of four-jet events is observed with respect to the standard model(More)
We studied depth-dependent cerebral hemodynamic responses of rat brain following direct cortical electrical stimulation (DCES) in vivo with optical recording of intrinsic signal (ORIS) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). ORIS is used to visualize the immediate hemodynamic changes in cortical areas following the stimulation, whereas NIRS measures the(More)