Learn More
At embryo implantation, it is postulated that the initial contact between blastocyst and maternal tissues is by adhesion of the trophoblast to the uterine epithelium. This cell-to-cell interaction is thought to be critical for implantation, although the actual adhesive forces have never been determined. In the present study, the atomic force microscope(More)
Adhesiveness of the apical (free) plasma membrane of uterine epithelial cells for trophoblast is essential for the process of human embryo implantation. As epithelial cells are normally repellent, i.e. apically non-adhesive, we argue that a remodelling of the epithelial organization from a polarized to a non-polarized phenotype might prepare the apical pole(More)
RL95-2 is a human uterine epithelial cell line that exhibits adhesion competence on its apical surface for trophoblast-like JAR cells. Using confocal microscopy and an adhesion assay we have found that changes in intracellular free calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) in RL95-2 cells are involved in binding of JAR spheroids. Impact of spheroids upon, and movement of(More)
Human uterine epithelium displays a distinct polarized organization with apical, lateral, and basal plasma membrane domains. Although non-adhesive throughout most of the menstrual cycle, epithelial cells allow attachment of trophoblast cells to their apical pole during embryo implantation. A recent hypothesis postulates that epithelial cells turn off genes(More)
Background: Embryo implantation requires that uterine epithelium develops competence to bind trophoblast to its apical (free) poles. This essential element of uterine receptivity seems to depend on a destabilisation of the apico-basal polarity of endometrial epithelium. Accordingly, a reorganisation of the actin cytoskeleton regulated by the small GTPase(More)
Embryo implantation necessitates that the apical plasma membrane of uterine epithelial cells acquires adhesiveness. Recent studies have indicated that modulation of a major element of the epithelial phenotype, i.e. apical-basal cell polarity, might be critical in this respect. Here, we analyze polar characteristics of nonadhesive vs. adhesive uterine(More)
At embryo implantation we are confronted with the fact that uterine and trophoblast epithelium make contact via their apical cell membranes. This epithelium-epithelium adhesion leading to definitive attachment of the embryo to the uterine wall, however, is far from being trivial and has been called a cell biological paradox. It has been proposed that some(More)
Embryo implantation involves adhesion of trophoblast cells to the epithelial lining of the endometrium. Using an in-vitro model to simulate this initial interaction, we previously reported that attachment of human trophoblast-like JAR spheroids to human uterine epithelial RL95-2 cells provokes a Ca(2+) influx in RL95-2 cells depending on apically localized(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds with tailored pores ranging from the nanometer to millimeter scale can support the reconstruction of centimeter-sized osseous defects. Three-dimensional-printing processes permit the voxel-wise fabrication of scaffolds. The present study rests upon 3D-printing with nano-porous hydroxyapatite granulates. The cylindrical(More)
BACKGROUND Results of studies that address the influence of stress on salivary flow rate and composition are controversial. The aim of this study was to reveal the influence of stress vulnerability and different phases of stress reactivity on the unstimulated and stimulated salivary flow rate. We examined that acute mental stress does not change the(More)