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Derangement of cellular immunity is central in the pathophysiology of adult autoimmune/idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Herein we investigated cytokine gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of adult chronic ITP patients and attempted to correlate cytokine polarization with the degree of thrombocytopenia. We used(More)
Rheological characteristics of liposome-containing-hydrogels were studied. Sonicated unilamellar vesicles (SUV), prepared by probe sonication and multilamellar vesicles (MLV) prepared by thin film hydration were loaded in a hydrogel containing carbopol 974 NF and hydroxyethylcellulose (Natrosol 250 HX). Phosphatidylcholine (PC) or hydrogenated-PC (HPC)(More)
The pore scale mechanisms and network scale transient pattern of the immiscible displacement of a shear-thinning nonwetting oil phase (NWP) by a Newtonian wetting aqueous phase (WP) are investigated. Visualization imbibition experiments are performed on transparent glass-etched pore networks at a constant unfavorable viscosity ratio and varying values of(More)
A case of Evans' syndrome with IgM deficiency and lymphopenia was studied before and after splenectomy. The lymphopenia was as a result of profound reduction of CD4 and CD8 cells. Study of cytokine secretion before splenectomy revealed a spontaneous Th1- and Th2-type cytokine production, and complete suppression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta.(More)
Childhood idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) resolves usually after the first episode, although it may recur, and in 10% to 20% of patients develops into a chronic disorder. Evidence of the immunoregulatory role of Th1/Th2 responses in autoimmune diseases prompted us to perform a prospective study of Th1/Th2 gene expression profiles and transforming(More)
Transcriptional repressors controlling the expression of cytokine genes have been implicated in a variety of physiological and pathological phenomena. An unknown repressor that binds to the distal NFAT element of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) gene promoter in naive T-helper lymphocytes has been implicated in autoimmune phenomena and has emerged as a potentially(More)
Cisplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent that elicits its antineoplastic activity by binding to DNA and disrupting template functions. IL-6 is a cytokine which has been shown to play a central role in host immunological defense mechanisms. Although K562 leukemic cells have been shown to secrete IL-6, little is known of whether there exists a(More)
BACKGROUND The infectious status of persons with an indeterminate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Western blot must be established. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Evaluation of the CD4 and CD8 T-cell subsets and the expression of HIV-1-integrated sequences by Southern blot and polymerase chain reaction were studied in a group of low-risk subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Cow's milk (CM) allergy affects about 2% of infants. The allergenicity of dietary proteins, including those from CM, has been related to their digestibility although the generality of the link and its causality remains to be demonstrated. In this study we use an in vitro digestion system, to investigate the digestibility of β-lactoglobulin (blg)(More)
Visualization experiments of the unsteady immiscible displacement of a fluid by another are performed on glass-etched pore networks of well-controlled morphology by varying the fluid system and flow conditions. The measured transient responses of the fluid saturation and pressure drop across the porous medium are introduced into numerical solvers of the(More)