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The contamination of groundwater by arsenic in Bangladesh is the largest poisoning of a population in history, with millions of people exposed. This paper describes the history of the discovery of arsenic in drinking-water in Bangladesh and recommends intervention strategies. Tube-wells were installed to provide "pure water" to prevent morbidity and(More)
We examined expression and function of TLRs in enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) patients. RNA levels of TLR1, TLR3, and TLRs 5–8 were measured in 24 ERA peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), 18 synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMC), and IRAK1, IRAK4, TRIF, TRAF3, and TRAF6 in 18 PBMC and 10 SFMC. IL-6 and IL-8 were measured in supernatants from ERA(More)
Current published records indicate that the red palm mite (RPM), Raoiella indica Hirst, has a much broader host range in the New World than in the Old World. Therefore, a series of studies were carried out in Kerala, India in 2009 and 2010 to elucidate the presence or absence of R. indica colonies on hosts in addition to coconut Cocos nucifera L., and(More)
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