M T Schaeffer

Learn More
We cloned the gene and cDNA for rat bombesin receptor subtype-3 (BRS-3) and characterized its mRNA expression pattern and pharmacological properties. Despite the high degree of sequence similarity (80% identical), rat and human BRS-3 differ markedly in their pharmacological properties. Although the natural ligand for BRS-3 is still unknown, a synthetic(More)
Acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) is a broad spectrum mitogen that is stabilized by complexation with heparin and heparan proteoglycans. The monomeric human protein contains 3 reduced cysteine residues of unknown function, the first 2 of which are conserved among all seven known fibroblast growth factors. The influence of these free sulfhydryl groups(More)
A convenient functional assay for 5HT2a and 5HT2c receptors is reported utilizing the bioluminescent aequorin to detect intracellular calcium changes. Using this assay, the pharmacological properties of many 5HT ligands can be determined in a 96-well format. The data indicate that the aequorin detection method is superior to the inositol phosphate assay(More)
A glow-type aequorin luminescence assay for measuring receptor-mediated stimulation of intracellular calcium levels is described and characterized. The human 5-hydroxytryptamine(2A) receptor stably coexpressed in human embryonic kidney cells with apoaequorin was used to characterize the system and showed that following the flash reaction, a stable(More)
Structure-activity relationship studies for two series of 2-benzyloxy-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-6-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)pyridines having either a 3-cyano or 3-carboxamide moiety resulted in the preparation of the 2-(3,4-difluorobenzyloxy)-3-nitrile analog 10d and the 2-(3,4-difluorobenzyloxy)-3-(N-propylcarboxamide) analog 16c, (hCB1 IC(50)=1.3 and 1.7 nM,(More)
The synthesis, SAR and binding affinities are described for cannabinoid-1 receptor (CB1R) specific inverse agonists based on pyridopyrimidine and heterotricyclic scaffolds. Food intake and pharmacokinetic evaluation of several of these compounds indicate that they are effective orally active modulators of CB1R.
Synthesis, SAR, and binding affinities are described for a new class of 1,8-naphthyridinone CB1 receptor specific inverse agonists. Food intake, knockout mouse, and pharmacokinetic evaluation of 14 indicate that this compound is an effective orally active modulator of CB1.
Human acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) is a potent broad-spectrum mitogen that contains three Cys residues within its monomeric structure. We have found that site-directed mutants in which any one of these Cys residues is converted to serine remain highly active, although variably dependent on heparin, so none of the three possible intramolecular(More)
Structure-activity relationship studies directed toward the optimization of 4,5-diarylimidazole-2-carboxamide analogs as human CB1 receptor inverse agonists resulted in the discovery of the two amide derivatives 24a and b (hCB1 IC50 = 6.1 and 4.0 nM) which also demonstrated efficacy in overnight feeding studies in the rat for reduction in both food intake(More)