M T Kaufmann

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We have used mRNA differential display PCR to search for genes induced in activated T cells and have found the LGALS1 (lectin, galactoside-binding, soluble) gene to be strongly up-regulated in effector T cells. The protein coded by the LGALS1 gene is a beta-galactoside-binding protein (betaGBP), which is released by cells as a monomeric negative growth(More)
Two monoclonal antibodies, KA 1 and KA 4, raised against human epidermis, were biochemically and immunologically characterized and were shown to react with specific cytokeratin polypeptides. On frozen sections of human mammary gland, these antibodies distinguish between myoepithelial and luminal epithelial cells. We present evidence that in these cells KA 1(More)
OBJECTIVE The supernatant of Lactobacillus johnsonii La1 culture was shown to be bactericidal and to have a partial, acid-independent suppressive effect on Helicobacter pylori in humans. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of L. johnsonii La1-acidified milk (LC-1) on H. pylori infection. DESIGN AND METHODS Fifty-three volunteers(More)
The immunohistochemical reactivity on frozen sections of diverse benign and malignant epithelial proliferations of human breast tissue from 156 patients was examined using antibodies to different cytokeratins. Antibodies recognizing cytokeratins 18 and 19 reacted with luminal epithelial cells but not with myoepithelial cells of normal mammary gland, cystic(More)
Two cDNA clones encoding NeuAcalpha2,3Galbeta1,3GalNAc GalNAcalpha2, 6-sialyltransferase have been isolated from mouse brain cDNA libraries. One of the cDNA clones is a homologue of previously reported rat ST6GalNAc III according to the amino acid sequence identity (94.4%) and the substrate specificity of the expressed recombinant enzyme, while the other(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) activity and inhibition were studied in serum and urine from nine patients with systemic juvenile chronic arthritis (S-JCA). In afebrile patients IL-1 activity was normal or high. Serum from two afebrile S-JCA patients taken during a period of severe disease activity had an enhancing effect on the activity of exogenous IL-1. Secondary(More)
The role of Fas in the homeostatic regulation of CD8+ T cells after antigen challenge was analyzed in the murine model of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection. Mice homozygous for the lpr mutation and carrying T cell receptor (TCR) alphabeta transgenes specific for the LCMV glycoprotein peptide aa 33-41 in the context of H-2Db were used. Five(More)
To determine the role of humoral mucosal immune response in protection against shigellosis, we have obtained a monoclonal dimeric immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody specific for Shigella flexneri serotype 5a lipopolysaccharide (mIgA) and used a murine pulmonary infection model that mimics the lesions occurring in natural intestinal infection. Adult BALB/c mice(More)
Type IX collagen and its collagenous fragments are potent stimulatory agents on human blood mononuclear cells for the production of prostaglandin E2 and interleukin 1/mononuclear cell factor. Type IX collagen is 2-4-fold more potent that type I and II and 1 alpha-, 2 alpha- and 3 alpha-collagens. This property may be important in the destructive process of(More)