M. T. Hakkinen

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The study investigated the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in Finnish cattle at slaughter and carcass contamination after slaughter. During the period January to December 2003, bovine rectal fecal samples (n=952) and carcass surface samples (n=948) from 12 out of 15 Finnish slaughterhouses were examined. In total, campylobacters were detected in 31.1% of(More)
We describe the long-term multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis of the population structure and dynamics of 454 Finnish human Campylobacter jejuni isolates, as well as 208 chicken isolates, collected during the mid-1990s to 2007. The sequence type clonal complexes (ST CC) ST-45 CC, ST-21 CC, and ST-677 CC were the most common ones found among all(More)
Campylobacter jejuni is the most common bacterial cause of human gastroenteritis worldwide. Due to the sporadic nature of infection, sources often remain unknown. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) has been successfully applied to population genetics of Campylobacter jejuni and mathematical modelling can be applied to the sequence data. Here, we analysed the(More)
The association of four new genetic markers with a chicken, bovine, or human host was studied among 645 Campylobacter jejuni isolates. The gamma-glutamate transpeptidase gene and dmsA were common in human and chicken isolates but uncommon among bovine isolates. In the t test, bovine isolates differed significantly (P < 0.05) from human and chicken isolates.
AIMS The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of four isolation methods for the detection of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica from pig intestinal content. METHODS AND RESULTS The four methods comprised of 15 isolation steps using selective enrichments (irgasan-ticarcillin-potassium chlorate and modified Rappaport broth) and mildly selective(More)
During a period of 9 months, 194 marinated and non-marinated poultry products were collected from retail shops in a defined area in Western Finland and tested for Campylobacter spp. using a conventional enrichment culture and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method. For marinated poultry products, the study involved modification of a commercial DNA isolation(More)
A survey of 788 pigs from 120 farms was conducted to determine the within-farm prevalence of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica and a questionnaire of management conditions was mailed to the farms afterwards. A univariate statistical analysis with carriage and shedding as outcomes was conducted with random-effects logistic regression with farm as a(More)
A fatal infection with temporal relation to 2 other febrile infections caused by Vibrio cholerae non-O1, non-O139 (NCV) occurred in Finland in 2003. All infections were associated with contact with seawater. The patient who died had also eaten home-salted whitefish, tested positive for NCV, preceding his symptoms. All patients had compromising factors, and(More)
BACKGROUND Outbreaks of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis infection have been epidemiologically linked to fresh produce, but the bacterium has not been recovered from the food items implicated. In May 2003, a cluster of gastrointestinal illness and erythema nodosum was detected among schoolchildren who had eaten lunches prepared by the same institutional kitchen.(More)
The association of Penner heat-stable serotypes and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis genotypes of 208 human and 30 chicken Campylobacter jejuni isolates was studied. Overall, 46% of the human strains had overlapping sero- and genotype combinations with chicken strains. The percentage was reduced to 31% for strains that were considered temporally related.(More)