M T Bernasconi

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The purpose of this study was noninvasive assessment of respiratory compliance and resistance in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF). To this end, flow, change in lung volume, and airway pressure were measured at the proximal tip of the endotracheal tubes in twenty nine critically ill unselected patients. Eleven had acute(More)
Fourteen consecutive ARDS patients were examined within 24 h from the onset of mechanical ventilation to determine respiratory resistance (Rrs) and compliance (Cstrs), and to assess the influence of "intrinsic" positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEPi) on the measurement of Cstrs. Flow, pressure, and changes in lung volume were measured with the transducers(More)
To investigate the dose-response relationship and the time course of the effects of fenoterol (a selective beta 2-adrenergic agonist) on respiratory function in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory failure due to exacerbation of chronic airflow obstruction (CAO), seven consecutive acutely ill patients were studied within 3 days of the(More)
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEPi) on pulmonary gas exchange in mechanically-ventilated patients, by comparing the effects of similar levels (0.8-0.9 kPa) of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and PEEPi. Ten patients with acute respiratory failure, without chronic airway disease, were(More)
To assess the short-term effects of a methylxanthine (doxofylline) on respiratory mechanics in mechanically ventilated patients with airway obstruction and respiratory failure, nine consecutive patients were examined within three days from the onset of mechanical ventilation. Flow, changes in pulmonary volume, and Paw were measured using a ventilator (Servo(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Recent studies have found a higher prevalence of the MS in patients with idiopathic venous thromboembolic events (VTE) compared to controls suggesting a role of the MS in the pathogenesis of VTE. The presence of MS was shown to further increase the risk of(More)
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