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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Autonomic dysfunction, including increased sympathetic drive and blunted baroreflex, has repeatedly been observed in acute stroke. Of clinical importance is that the stroke-related autonomic imbalance seems to be linked to worse outcome after stroke. Here, we discuss the role of baroreflex impairment in acute stroke and its possible(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Impaired baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) has been previously shown to be of prognostic value in patients with cardiovascular disease and stroke. Because baroreflex seems to be blunted by both carotid atherosclerosis and by lesions affecting central processing, controversy exists regarding the etiology of stroke-related baroreflex(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired blood pressure regulation in the acute phase of stroke has been associated with less favorable outcome. Mechanisms and effects of blood pressure dysregulation in stroke are not well understood; however, central autonomic impairment with sympathetic overactivity and baroreflex involvement are discussed. Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in(More)
INTRODUCTION The impact of anemia on functional outcome and mortality in patients suffering from non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has not been investigated. Here, we assessed the relationship between hemoglobin (HB) levels and clinical outcome after ICH. METHODS One hundred and ninety six patients suffering from supratentorial, non-traumatic(More)
INTRODUCTION Current guidelines for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) recommend maintaining cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) between 50 and 70 mmHg, depending on the state of autoregulation. We continuously assessed dynamic cerebral autoregulation and the possibility of determination of an optimal CPP (CPPopt) in ICH patients. Associations between(More)
Decompressive surgery has since long been a promising therapeutic approach for patients with acute severe brain injury at risk to develop severe brain edema. The underlying rationale of removing part of the cranium is to create space for the expanding brain to prevent secondary damage to vital brain tissue. However, until recently, randomized controlled(More)
PURPOSE Because of the immune-suppressive effect of cerebral damage, stroke patients are at high risk for infections. These might result in sepsis, which is the major contributor to intensive care unit (ICU) mortality. Although there are numerous studies on infections in stroke patients, the role of sepsis as a poststroke complication is unknown. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) is the most feared acute complication after intravenous thrombolysis. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive value of parameters of glycosylated hemoglobin A1 (HbA1c) on sICH. METHODS In a retrospective single center series, 1112 consecutive patients treated with(More)
OBJECTIVES Autonomic impairment after acute traumatic brain injury has been associated independently with both increased morbidity and mortality. Links between autonomic impairment and increased intracranial pressure or impaired cerebral autoregulation have been described as well. However, relationships between autonomic impairment, intracranial pressure,(More)
BACKGROUND The relevance of blood pressure variability (BPV) in the development of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) in acute stroke still remains uncertain. METHODS 427 consecutive patients treated with IVT in the years 2007-2009 were studied. Blood pressure (BP) values were analyzed from admission to follow-up imaging(More)