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OBJECTIVE To determine overall and age-specific incidence rates of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in a southern Indian province, Kerala. MATERIALS AND METHODS A 10-year (2001-2011) prospective epidemiologic study of community residing subjects aged ≥55 years at enrollment. The catchment area included four urban and semi-urban regions of Trivandrum city in(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES We characterized HCV antibody prevalence, viral persistence, genotype and liver disease prevalence among IDUs in Chennai, India as the study of the association of HIV with each of these states is important and there are no data available. METHODS Between 2005-2006, 1158 IDUs were recruited and followed semi-annually. All were(More)
For persons living with HIV, hepatitis C is a major public health problem that must be controlled and could be eliminated. The challenge arises because the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is prevalent among HIV-infected persons in most parts of the world, because HIV worsens all HCV outcomes, and because HCV may add additional individual economic and psychosocial(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To address gaps identified in earlier reviews, namely, the comparative influence of substance use on attempted suicide and completed suicide; the proximal role of substance use as a trigger of suicidal behaviour; the association between substances and suicidal behaviour; suicide and substance use disorders in youth; and the influence of(More)
BACKGROUND It is estimated that there are up to 1.1 million injection drug users (IDUs) in India; the majority are likely married. We characterize HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) prevalence and the risk environment of a sample of spouses of IDUs. METHODS A cohort of 1158 IDUs (99% male) was recruited in Chennai, India from 2005-06. A(More)
  • M Suresh Kumar, M Soundararajan, Mr Mr Mahendran, Mr Ashok Kumar, Ms Kumaresan, Mr Raj Kalavathy +9 others
  • 2005
Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the sex workers, clients of sex workers, drug injectors who have shared their experiences. a team of researchers. We are grateful to the members of the Technical Advisory Committee for their valuable comments. We are grateful to the staff of SAHAI Trust who helped us in many ways during the rapid assessment.(More)
INTRODUCTION While mental health consequences following the Asian December 2004 tsunami have been studied, its impact on the survivors who lost close family members deserves attention. We investigated the usefulness of trained volunteer-delivered mental health support for the bereaved persons. METHOD Non-randomized control design involving all adults aged(More)
Manipur and Nagaland in northeast India report an antenatal HIV prevalence of > 1% and the current HIV prevalence among injecting drug users is 24% and 4.5% respectively. Through support from DFID's Challenge Fund, Emmanuel Hospital Association (EHA) established thirteen drop-in-centres across the two states to deliver opioid substitution treatment with(More)
Nematodes represent the second largest phylum in the animal kingdom. It is the most abundant species (500,000) in the planet. It causes chronic, debilitating infections worldwide such as ascariasis, trichuriasis, hookworm, enterobiasis, strongyloidiasis, filariasis and trichinosis, among others. Molecular modeling tools can play an important role in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We characterize the burden of liver disease in a cohort of PWID in Chennai, India, with a high prevalence of HCV. MATERIALS AND METHODS 1,042 PWID were sampled through community outreach in Chennai. Participants underwent fasting blood draw, questionnaire and an examination that included liver stiffness assessment using transient(More)