M. Sugibayashi

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Failure to cleave the interconnecting site between alpha- and beta-subunit produced insulin proreceptors in the plasma membranes which had markedly low affinity to insulin, leading to extreme insulin resistance in a patient. We performed cDNA sequence analysis of the cleavage site of the insulin proreceptor from the patient. Polymerase chain reaction was(More)
An alteration of an amino acid sequence in the processing site of the insulin proreceptor by a point mutation of the insulin receptor gene produced extreme insulin resistance. We characterized functional properties of the unprocessed insulin receptor in transformed lymphocytes from a patient. Insulin binding to intact cells and to a partially purified(More)
Human insulin and its precursor, mini-proinsulin, made with a new biosynthetic method, were tested for their receptor binding, biologic action, and antibody binding ability. The structure of mini-proinsulin is similar to that of proinsulin with a shortened C-peptide, B(1-29)-Ala-Ala-Lys-A(1-21) insulin. The ability of biosynthetic human insulin to bind to(More)
Insulin receptors and IGF-I receptors in cultured fibroblasts were investigated in a patient with extreme insulin resistance due to unprocessed insulin receptors. Insulin binding to cultured fibroblast monolayers and partially purified insulin receptors was extremely decreased to 27% and 18% of control value, respectively. Affinity cross-linking study(More)
To study whether the G----T point mutation of insulin proreceptors at the cleavage site which changed -Arg-Lys-Arg-Arg- to -Arg-Lys-Arg-Ser- caused unprocessed insulin receptors with decreased insulin binding affinity, we performed transfection of cDNA with the mutation in COS 7 cells and examined the expressed insulin receptors. After site-directed(More)
To elucidate the role of calmodulin in insulin action, we examined the effect of the calmodulin antagonists, W-7 and W-5, on glucose transport in isolated rat adipocytes. W-7 inhibited insulin-stimulated 2-deoxyglucose uptake by 18% at 100 microM, but it did not affect basal uptake levels. W-5, a less potent analogue of W-7, however, had no significant(More)
We previously reported on patients with severe insulin resistance due to unprocessed insulin proreceptors. A structural change of the cleavage site from Arg-Lys-Arg-Arg to Arg-Lys-Arg-Ser due to G----T point mutation appeared to be the cause for failure to process the proreceptors. To determine whether the mutation of insulin proreceptors at the cleavage(More)
Two sisters presented with severe insulin resistance and markedly decreased insulin binding to erythrocytes, cultured fibroblasts and transformed lymphocytes. The dose-response curve of insulin-stimulated amino acid uptake in the fibroblasts was shifted to the right. The molecular weight of the insulin receptor on the transformed lymphocytes from the(More)
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